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Table 1 Clinical charateristics in cases with EPEC detected alone, EPEC and other pathogens detected and campylobacter detected

From: Experiences from multiplex PCR diagnostics of faeces in hospitalised patients: clinical significance of Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) and culture negative campylobacter

Multiplex PCR result EPEC detected alone
N = 84
EPEC and other pathogens detected N = 38 b Campylobacter detected(all)
N = 169
Sex (male) [n (%)] 42 (50) 21 (55) 87 (51)
Age years [mean(SD)] 60 (18.6) 55 (19.2) 53 (19.4)
Other characteristics [%, (95% CI)]
Ongoing antibiotic treatment 32 (22–43) 18 (7.7–34) 9.5 (5.5–15)
No diarrhoea 20 (12–30) 5.3 (0.64–18) 4.7 (2.1–9.1)
Ongoing chemotherapy 15 (8.6–25) 2.6 (0.066–14) 3.5 (1.3–7.6)
Travel associated 8.3 (3.4–16) 42 (26–59) 35 (28–43)
Culture positive 49 (38–60) 26 (13–43) 66 (58–73)
bfpA positive patients 4.8 (1.3–12) 5.3 (0.64–18)
Clinical diagnosis [%, (95% CI)]
Clinical non-infectious cause of diarrhoeaa 73 (61–83) 25 (12–42) 17 (11–23)
  1. aA total of 27 patients did not present with diarrhoea and are excluded from the analyses
  2. bThe top three co-infection agents were Campylobacter (n = 15), Norovirus (n = 9), Salmonella (n = 3) and Clostrium difficile (n = 3)