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Table 1 Characteristics of the individuals who died of tuberculosis in Londrina, Brazil (2008–2015)

From: Detection of risk clusters for deaths due to tuberculosis specifically in areas of southern Brazil where the disease was supposedly a non-problem

Variable n %
Age (years)
  < 19 1 1.6
 20–39 8 13.1
 40–59 27 44.3
  ≥ 60 25 41.0
Median 56
Mean 56.9
Gender
 Male 49 80.3
 Female 12 19.7
Skin colour/ethnicity
 White (Caucasian) 39 63.9
 Black (African) 9 14.8
 Yellow (Asian) 4 6.6
 Brown (Mixed race) 9 14.8
Marital status
 Single 17 27.9
 Married 23 37.7
 Widowed 6 9.8
 Divorced 6 9.8
 Steady partner 2 3.3
 No response 7 11.5
Level of education
 No schooling 1 1.6
 Elementary education 12 19.7
 High school education 20 32.8
 Higher education 15 24.6
 No response 13 21.3
Occupation
 Retired/pensioner 13 21.3
 Homemaker 7 11.5
 Miscellaneous 28 45.9
 No response 13 21.3
Place of death
 Hospital 54 88.5
 Home 7 11.5
Received medical assistance
 Yes 32 52.5
 No 2 3.3
 No response 27 44.3
Diagnosis confirmed by further examination
 Yes 14 23.0
 No 2 3.3
 No response 45 73.8
Diagnosis confirmed by surgery
 Yes 1 1.6
 No 15 24.6
 No response 45 73.8
Diagnosis confirmed by necropsy
 Yes 5 8.2
 No 36 59.0
 No response 20 32.8
Death certified by
 Assistant 17 27.9
 Substitute 19 31.1
 Death Surveillance Service 2 3.3
TB site
 Pulmonary 32 52.4
 Extra-pulmonary 29 47.5
  1. Source: MIS Londrina, BR 2016