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Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics of patients with NSTIs secondary to gastrointestinal fistula (n = 39)

From: Clinical parameters and outcomes of necrotizing soft tissue infections secondary to gastrointestinal fistulas

Variable
Gender, (Male), n (%) 30 (76.9)
Age (years), mean (SD) 46.9 ± 16.9
BMI (kg/m 2), mean (SD) 20.4 ± 1.9
Co-morbidities, n (%) 7 (17.9)
 Cardiac disefficiency 2 (5.1)
 Renal disefficiency 2 (5.1)
 Diabetes 1 (2.6)
 Hypertension 1 (2.6)
 COPD 1 (2.6)
Admission APACHE score, mean (SD) 11.4 ± 3.7
Shock on admission, n (%) 21 (53.8)
Positive blood cultures, n (%) 17 (43.6)
Cause of fistula, n (%)
 Trauma 25 (64.1)
 Tumor 9 (23.1)
 Other 5 (12.8)
Location of fistula (total number of fistula = 59), n (%)
 Small intestine 23 (39.0)
 Colorectal 18 (30.5)
 Duodenum 7 (11.9)
 Stomach 4 (6.8)
 Pancreas 3 (5.1)
 Other 4 (6.8)
Multiple fistulas, n (%) 16 (41.0)
The flow of fistula (ml/24 h), n (%)
 < 200 1 (2.6)
 200–500 11 (28.2)
 > 500 27 (69.2)
The laboratory data on admission, mean (SD)
 C-reactive protein (CRP) (mg/L) 121.6 ± 74.4
 White blood cell count (109/L) 11.0 ± 3.3
 Platelet count (109/L) 179.3 ± 76.4
 Hemoglobin (g/dl) 105.5 ± 12.7
  1. Data are reported as number of patients (%) or mean ± SD. Abbreviations: BMI Body mass index, COPD Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease