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Table 1 Characteristics of included studies: study population and design

From: Sensitivity and specificity of diagnostic tests for Lassa fever: a systematic review

Author and reference Year Published Journal Study Country Study population Study design Patient Age Range
Boisen et al. [19] 2018 Scientific Reports Sierra Leone Suspected Lassa fever patients and their contacts Prospective cohort not stated
Boisen et al. [19] 2018 Scientific Reports Sierra Leone Suspected Lassa fever patients and their contacts Prospective cohort not stated
Bausch et al. [20] 2000 Journal of Clinical Virology Sierra Leone and Guinea Suspected Lassa fever patients Prospective cohort not stated
Gabriel et al. [21] 2017 PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases Nigeria, Ghana and Germany Suspected Lassa fever patients Prospective cohort not stated
Ibekwe et al. [22] 2012 Nigerian Medical Journal Nigeria Clinically diagnosed patients and referred suspected patients Case-control 11–61 years
Meulen et al. [23] 1998 Journal of Clinical Microbiology Guinea and Liberia and Germany (Hamburg) Patients with fever of unknown origin and hemorrhage Cross-sectional not stated
Emmerich et al. [24] 2006 Journal of Clinical Virology Nigeria, Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea Healthy adult blood donors Cross-sectional 18–53
Olschlager et al. [25] 2010 Journal of Clinical Microbiology Liberia and Nigeria Laboratory confirmed Lassa patients Cross-sectional not stated
Trappier et al. [26] 1993 American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene Sierra Leone Suspected Lassa fever patients Cross-sectional not stated