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Table 6 Showing adjusted odds ratio of those socio demographic factors, clinical presentation and risk factors having association in the univariate analysis, August 01, 2017- January 05, 2018

From: Prevalence of tuberculosis, multidrug resistant tuberculosis and associated risk factors among smear negative presumptive pulmonary tuberculosis patients in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Variables Resultsa Adjusted Odds Ratio P-value
Positive Number (%) Negative Number (%) AOR (95% C.I)
Occupation
 Farmer 01 (3.2) 30 (96.8) 1  
 Daily Laborer 06 (7.9) 70 (92.1) 2.407 (0.255–22.723) 0.443
 House wife 01 (1.1) 86 (98.9) 0.635 (0.033–12.243) 0.763
 Driver 0 (0.00) 10 (100) 0 (0.00)  
 Teacher 0 (0.00) 07 (100) 0 (0.00)  
 Student 0 (0.00) 46 (100) 0 (0.00)  
 Merchant 0 (0.00) 14 (100) 0 (0.00)  
 Health Care Worker 01 (33.3) 2 (66.7) 68.7 (2.447–1929.15) 0.013
 Government employee 02 (5.9) 32 (94.1) 2.38 (0.188–30.159) 0.503
 Self-employed 07 (11.7) 53 (88.3) 3.031 (0.318–28.886) 0.335
 Other 07 (16.3) 36 (83.7) 6.311 (0.662–60.122) 0.109
Sex
 Male 19 (10.2) 167 (89.8) 1  
 Female 8 (3.5) 223 (96.5) 0.321 (0.097–1.062) 0.063
Loss of Appetite
 Yes 21 (8.6) 222 (91.4) 1  
 No 6 (3.4) 168 (96.6) 0.778 (0.248–2.438) 0.666
Weight Loss
 Yes 20 (12.4) 141 (87.6) 1  
 No 07 (2.7) 248 (97.3) 0.340 (0.108–1.069) 0.065
Shortness of Breath
 Yes 14 (10.4) 120 (89.6) 1  
 No 13 (4.6) 270 (95.4) 0.493 (0.181–0.1.343) 0.167
Migrant
 Yes 03 (27.3) 08 (72.7) 1  
 No 24 (06) 379 (94) 0.121 (0.20–0.730) 0.021
Alcohol Consumption
 Yes, currently 09 (13.2) 59 (86.8) 1  
 Yes, previously 02 (13.7) 52 (96.3) 0.254 (0.046–1.399) 0.116
 Not at all 16 (5.4) 279 (94.6) 0.956 (0.311–2.939) 0.937
Chewing Khat
 Yes, currently 03 (12) 22 (88) 1  
 Yes, previously 05 (15.6) 27 (84.4) 1.324 (0.221–7.922) 0.759
Not at all 19 (5.3) 341 (94.7) 0.570 (0.127–2.565) 0.464
  1. Key; a = the sum of GeneXpert and culture results