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Table 5 Clinical presentation, comorbidities and associated risk factors for SNPT & SNMDR TB, August 01, 2017- January 05, 2018

From: Prevalence of tuberculosis, multidrug resistant tuberculosis and associated risk factors among smear negative presumptive pulmonary tuberculosis patients in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Variables Yes/No Negative frequency (%) Positive frequency (%) P-value
Signs and symptoms
 Cough Yes 385 (93.4) 27 (6.6) 0.554
No 05 (6.4) 0 (0.0)
 Fever Yes 236 (92.5) 19 (7.5) 0.317
No 153 (95%) 8 (5.0)
 Chest pain Yes 232 (92.1) 20 (7.9) 0.134
No 158 (95.8%) 07 (4.2)
 Loss of appetite Yes 222 (91.4) 21 (8.6) 0.034
No 168 (96.6%) 06 (3.4)
 Weight loss Yes 141 (87.6) 20 (12.4) < 0.001
No 248 (97.3%) 07 (2.7)
 Shortness of breath Yes 120 (89.6) 14 (10.4) 0.023
No 270 (95.4%) 13 (4.6)
 Joint pain Yes 102 (91.9) 09 (8.1) 0.414
No 288 (94.1) 18 (5.9)
 Abdominal pain Yes 48 (96.0) 02 (4) 0.448
No 342 (93.2) 25 (6.8)
 Swelling Yes 17 (94.4) 01 (5.6) 0.871
No 373 (93.5) 26 (6.5)
 Hemoptysis Yes 25 (86.2) 04 (13.8) 0.098
No 364 (94.1) 23 (5.9)
 Night sweating Yes 59 (95.2) 03 (4.8) 0.847
No 356 (85.2) 24 (5.74)
Comorbidity/Co-infection
 HIV infection Positive 54 (94.7) 03 (5.3) 0.448
Negative 154 (91.7) 14 (8.3)
 Diabetes mellitus Yes 13 (92.9) 01 (7.1) 0.92
No 376 (93.5) 26 (6.5)
 Hypertension Yes 19 (100) 0(0.00) 0.24
No 370 (93.2) 27 (6.8)
 Asthma Yes 18 (100) 0(0.00) 0.253
No 371 (93.2) 27 (6.8)
 Heart Disease Yes 05 (100) 0(0.00) 0.553
No 384 (93.4) 27 (6.6)
 Liver Disease Yes 03 (100) 0(0.00) 0.647
No 386 (93.5) 27 (6.5)
 Renal failure Yes 01(100) 0(0.00) 0.792
No 388 (93.5) 27 (6.5)
 Hormonal Disease Yes 02 (100) 0(0.00) 0.709
No 387 (93.5) 27 (6.5)
 Malignancy/Cancer Yes 02 (100) 0(0.00) 0.709
No 387 (93.5) 27 (6.5)
Other risk factors
 Miner Yes 04 (100) 0(0.00) 0.596
No 383 (93.4) 27 (6.6)
 Ex-miner Yes 07 (100) 0(0.00) 0.481
No 380 (93.4) 27(6.6)
 Current smoker Yes 10 (83.3) 02 (16.7 0.149
No 377 (93.8) 25 (6.2)
 Ex-smoker Yes 10 (90.9) 01 (9.1) 0.727
No 377 (93.5) 26 (6.5)
 Prisoner/Prison staff Yes 02 (100) 0(0.00) 0.708
No 385(93.4) 27 (6.6)
 Migrant Yes 8 (72.7) 03 (27.3) 0.005
No 379 (94.0) 24 (6.0)
 Contact with TB patient Yes 25 (92.6) 02 (7.4) 0.847
No 362 (93.5) 25 (6.5)
 MDR-TB contact Yes 07 (87.5) 01 (12.5) 0.489
No 380 (93.6) 26 (6.4)
 Alcohol consumption Yes, currently 59 (86.8) 09 (13.3) 0.042
Yes, previously 52 (96.3) 02 (3.7)
Not at all 279 (94.6) 16 (5.4)
 Smokers Yes, currently 11 (84.6) 02 (15.4) 0.174
Yes, previously 11 (84.6) 02 (15.4)
Not at all 361 (94.0) 23 (6.0)
 Chewing Khat Yes, currently 22 (88.0) 3 (12.0) 0.038
Yes, previously 27 (84.4) 05 (15.6)
Not at all 341 (94.7) 19 (5.3)
  1. This was done based on both GeneXpert and culture results