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Table 3 Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis on sero-prevalence of T. gondii among study participants Northwest Ethiopia, 2018

From: Sero-prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii and associated risk factors among psychiatric outpatients attending University of Gondar Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia

Variables Presence of IgG COR(95% CI) AOR(95% CI) P value
Yes No
Sex
 Male 42 (23.6%) 136 (76.4%) 0.836(.495–1.411)   
 Female 34 (27.0%) 92 (73.0%) 1   
Age
  ≤ 20 7 (38.9%) 11 (61.1%) 2.071(.766–5.600)   
 21–40 55 (23.5%) 179 (76.5%) 1.727(.559–5.339)   
  ≥ 41 14 (26.9%) 38 (73.1%) 1   
Resident
 Urban 33 (29.5%) 79 (70.5%) 1.447(.853–2.457) 0.697(.334–1.455) 0.337
 Rural 43 (22.4%) 149 (77.6%) 1 1  
Occupation
 Student 20 (31.2%) 44 (68.8%) 2.000(.976–4.099)   
 Government 20 (18.5%) 88 (81.5%) 0.955(.380–2.395)   
 Daily labor 10 (32.2%) 21 (67.7%) 1.054(.509–2.181)   
 Farmer 22 (30.1%) 51 (69.9%) 7.727(.961–62.156)   
 Merchant 1 (5.6%) 17 (94.4%) 1.061(.248–4.531)   
 Other 3 (30%) 7 (70%) 1   
Level of education 21 (32.3%) 44 (67.7%) 1.145(.517–2.538)   
 Illiterate 15 (29.4%) 36 (70.6%) 1.273(.548–2.957)   
 Elementary 12 (27.3%) 32 (72.7%) 1.977 (1.018–3.840)   
 Secondary 28 (19.4%) 116 (80.6%) 1   
 Certificate      
Cat owner
 Yes 56 (39.4%) 86 (60.6%) 4.623 (2.598–8.229) 2.862 (1.445–5.666) 0.003*
 No 20 (12.3%) 142 (87.7%) 1 1  
Clean up cat excretion
 Yes 33 (55.9%) 26 (44.1%) 5.962 (3.239–10.977) 2.966 (1.317–2.652) 0.007*
 No 43 (17.6%) 202 (82.4%) 1   
Raw meat consumption
 Yes 36 (30.5%) 82 (69.5%) 1.602(.948–2.710) 1.445(.787–2.652) 0.235
 No 40 (21.5%) 146 (78.5%) 1 1  
Raw vegetable consumption
 Yes 39 (23.5%) 127 (76.5%) 0.838(.498–1.410)   
 No 37 (26.8%) 101 (73.2%) 1   
Farming
 Yes 43 (34.7%) 81 (65.3%) 2.365 (1.394–4.012) 2.058 (1.018–4.163) 0.045*
 No 33 (18.3%) 147 (81.7%) 1 1  
History of blood transfusion
 Yes 9 (31.0%) 20 (69.0%) 1.397(.607–3.215)   
 No 67 (24.4%) 208 (75.6%) 1   
Habit of chat chewing
 Yes 14 (29.8%) 33 (70.2%) 1.334 (1.671–2.653)   
 No 62 (24.1%) 195 (75.9%) 1   
  1. COR Crude odds ratio, AOR adjusted odds ratio, CI Confidence interval, *statistically significant at P < 0.05 **statistically significant at P < 0.01