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Table 1 Demographics of age by gender, pathogen, co-morbidity and outcome

From: A systematic review of cases of meningitis in the absence of cerebrospinal fluid pleocytosis on lumbar puncture

  Age Groups
Neonate (n = 17) Pediatric (n = 61) Adult (n = 36) Senior (n = 10) p-value
Gender
 Male (n = 43) 2 (12%) 17 (28%) 18 (50%) 6 (60%) < 0.05
 Female (n = 41) 1 (6%) 18 (30%) 18 (50%) 4 (40%)
 Unknown (n = 40) 14 (82%) 26 (43%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%)
Pathogen
 Bacterial (n = 99) 17 (100%) 46 (75%) 26 (72%) 10 (100%) < 0.05
 Fungal (n = 9) 0 (0%) 1 (2%) 8 (22%) 0 (0%)
 Viral (n = 16) 0 (0%) 14 (23%) 2 (6%) 0 (0%)
Co-morbidity
 Presence of Co-morbidities (n = 22) 0 (0%) 4 (7%) 16 (44%) 2 (20%) < 0.05
Outcome
 Died (n = 27) 0 (0%) 10 (16%) 14 (39%) 3 (30%) < 0.05
 Survived (n = 59) 4 (24%) 33 (54%) 17 (47%) 5 (50%)
 Unknown (n = 38) 13 (76%) 18 (30%) 5 (14%) 2 (20%)