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Table 1 Demographic characteristics of participants suspected of having pleura TB

From: An improved algorithm for rapid diagnosis of pleural tuberculosis from pleural effusion by combined testing with GeneXpert MTB/RIF and an anti-LAM antibody-based assay

Characteristics Diagnostic Class
Pleural TB cases (155)
n (%)
Non pleural TB cases (64)
n (%)
Odds ratios
(95% CI)
P value Total
(219)
n (%)
Sex
 Male 121 (78.1) 37 (57.4) 2.60 (1.39–4.85) < 0.01 158 (72.1)
 Female 34 (21.9) 27 (42.6) 1.00 Ref. 61 (27.9)
Age group (years)
  < 25 24 (15.5) 3 (4.9) 4.00 (1.03–15.60) 0.04 27 (12.3)
 25~44 62 (40.0) 11 (18.0) 2.82 (1.14–6.98) 0.02 73 (33.3)
 45~64 41 (26.5) 36 (59.0) 0.57 (0.26–1.24) 0.16 77 (35.2)
  ≥ 65 28 (18.1) 14 (23.0) 1.00 Ref. 42 (19.2)
Residence
 Rural 77 (57.4) 29 (63.9) 1.19 (0.66–2.14) 0.56 106 (48.4)
 Urban 78 (42.6) 35 (41.0) 1.00 Ref. 113 (51.6)
Diabetes
 Yes 17 (11.0) 7 (11.5) 1.00 (0.40–2.55) 0.96 24 (11.0)
 No 138 (89.0) 57 (88.5) 1.00 Ref. 195 (89.0)