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Table 2 Hygiene and safety-related characteristics of mentally disabled and non-disabled primary school students’ in Bahir Dar City, Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia, 2018 (n = 418)

From: Intestinal parasitic infections and associated factors among mentally disabled and non-disabled primary school students, Bahir Dar, Amhara regional state, Ethiopia, 2018: a comparative cross-sectional study

Characteristics Students with disability status
Disabled students (n = 104) Non-Disabled Students(n = 314) Total (n = 418)
Variables Category Freq (%) X 2 , p Freq (%) X 2 , p Freq (%) X 2 , p
Hand washing Habit water & soap 37(35.6) X2 = 8.351, p = 0.004 144(45.9) X2 = 30.930, P < 0.000 181(43.3) X2 = 41.351, P < 0.000
water only 67(64.4) 170(54.1) 237(56.7)
Hand washing before food Always 49(47.1) X2 = 7.265, p = 0.007 293(93.3) X2 = 1.187, P = 0.276 342(81.8) X2 = 14.269, P < 0.000
Sometimes 55(52.9) 21(6.7) 76(18.2)
Hand washing after latrine Always 40(38.5) X2 = 5.365, p = 0.068 113(36.0) X2 = 19.956, P < 0.000 153(36.6) X2 = 22.789, P < 0.000
Sometimes 41(39.4) 132(42.0) 173(41.4)
Never 23(22.1) 69(22.0) 92(22.0)
Fingernail cutting > = 2 times per week 25(24.0) X2 = 2981, p = 0.225 102(32.5) X2 = 26.686, P < 0.000 127(30.4) X2 = 18.719, P < 0.000
One time per week 46(44.2) 77(24.5) 123(29.4)
<=1 time per 2 weeks 33(31.7) 96(30.6) 129(30.9)
No need to cut 39(12.4) 39(9.3)
Fingernail cleanliness Clean 46(44.2) X2 = 13.139, p < 0.000 238(75.8) X2 = 34.012, P < 0.000 284(67.9) X2 = 53.540, P < 0.000
Not clean 58(55.8) 76(24.2) 134(32.1)
Shoes wearing at home Always 32(30.8) X2 = 12.541, p = 0.002 97(30.9) X2 = 6.362, P = 0.042 129(30.9) X2 = 12.685, P = 0.002
Sometimes 37(35.6) 142(45.2) 179(42.8)
Never 35(33.7) 75(23.9) 110(26.3)
Shoe wearing at school Always 83(79.8) X2 = 4.059, p = 0.044 314(100) 397(95.0) X2 = 8.705, P = 0.003
Sometimes 21(20.2) 0(0) 21(5.0)
Shower taking <=1 time per week 77(74.0) X2 = 1.946, p = 0.584 108(34.4) X2 = 10.890, P = 0.004 185(44.3) X2 = 17.756, P < 0.000
2 times per week 13(12.5) 153(48.7) 166(39.7)
> = 3 times per week 8(7.7) 53(16.9) 61(14.6)
Never 6(5.8) 0(0) 6(1.4)
  1. NB. Freq = Frequency, % = percent