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Table 1 Socio-Demographic Characteristics of mentally disabled and non-disabled primary school students’ and their families in Bahir Dar City, Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia, 2018 (n = 418)

From: Intestinal parasitic infections and associated factors among mentally disabled and non-disabled primary school students, Bahir Dar, Amhara regional state, Ethiopia, 2018: a comparative cross-sectional study

Characteristics Students with disability status
Disabled students(n = 104) Non-disabled students(n = 314) Total(n = 418)
Variables Category Freq (%) X 2 , p Freq (%) X 2 , p Freq (%) X 2 , p
Mental disability Yes 104(100) 0 104(24.9) X 2 = 7.730, P = 0.005
No 0 314(100) 314(75.1)
Age <=9 15(14.4) X2 = 9.368, p = 0.009 88(28.0) X2 = 12.608, P = 0.002 103(24.6) X2 = 11.317, P = 0.003
10–14 38(36.5) 151(48.1) 189(45.2)
> = 15 51(49.0) 75(23.9) 126(30.1)
Sex Male 61(58.7) X2 = 0.926, p = 0.336 141(44.9) X2 = 4.378, P = 0.036 202(48.3) X2 = 6.692, P = 0.010
Female 43(41.3) 173(55.1) 216(51.7)
Religion Orthodox 81(77.9) X2 = 1.043, p = 0.791 234(74.5) X2 = 3.742, P = 0.291 315(75.4) X2 = 4.372, P = 0.224
Catholic 5(4.8) 17(5.4) 22(5.3)
Muslim 11(10.6) 48(15.3) 59(14.1)
Protestant 7(6.7) 15(4.8) 22(5.3)
Grade of students 1–4 104(100) 138(43.9) X2 = 8.088, P = 0.004 242(57.9) X2 = 14.555, P < 0.000
5–8 0(0) 176(56.1) 176(42.1)
Family size <=3 3(2.9) X2 = 4.703, p = 0.319 71(22.6) X2 = 32.357, P < 0.000 74(17.7) X2 = 32.265, P < 0.000
4 22(21.2) 82(26.1) 104(24.9)
5 28(26.9) 59(18.8) 87(20.8)
6 19(18.3) 53(16.9) 72(17.2)
> = 7 32(30.8) 49(15.6) 81(19.4)
Maternal Education No formal Education 56(53.8) X2 = 8.996, p = 0.061 54(17.2) X2 = 2.238, P = 0.692 110(26.3) X2 = 10.822, P = 0.029
Grade 1–8 21(20.2) 113(36.0) 134(32.1)
Grade 9–12 18(17.3) 71(22.6) 89(21.3)
Collage & above 9(8.7) 76(24.2) 85(20.3)
  1. NB. Freq= Frequency, %= percent