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Table 3 The antimicrobial resistance profile of the main microorganisms isolated from childhood AMES

From: The etiology of acute meningitis and encephalitis syndromes in a sentinel pediatric hospital, Shenzhen, China

Antibiotics Microorganisms
S. pneumoniae (n = 4) S. epidermidis (n = 8) GBS (n = 9) E. coli (n = 12)
MIC range
(μg/ml)
No. of resistant strains MIC range
(μg/ml)
No. of resistant strains MIC range
(μg/ml)
No. of resistant strains MIC range
(μg/ml)
No. of resistant strains
Penicillin
 amoxicillin ≤ 1 0
 ampicillin ≤ 0.25 0 ≤ 2- ≥ 32 9
 oxacillin ≥ 4 8
 penicillin ≤ 0.06- ≥ 2 3 ≥ 0.5 8 ≤ 0.12 0  
Cephalosporins
 cefazolin ≤ 4- ≥ 64 6
 cefepime ≤ 1- ≥ 64 2
 ceftazidime ≤ 1–16 3
 ceftriaxone ≤ 1 0 ≤ 1- ≥ 64 6
Glycopeptide
 vancomycin ≤ 2 0 ≤ 0.5 0
Aminoglycoside
 gentamicin ≤ 0.5 0 ≤ 1- ≥ 16 4
Tetracycline
 tetracycline 4- ≥ 16 3 ≤ 2 0 ≥ 16 9
Fluoroquinolone
 ciprofloxacin ≤ 2 0 ≤ 0.5 0 ≤ 0.25- ≥ 4 5
 levofloxacin ≤ 1 0 ≤ 2 0 ≤ 1 0 ≤ 0.25- ≥ 8 5
Lincosamide
 clindamycin ≤ 0.25- ≥ 8 3 ≥ 0.5 9
Folate pathway inhibitor
 trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole 20–80 3 ≤ 10- ≥ 320 5 ≤ 20- ≥ 320 8
β-lactam/β-lactamase inhibitor
 ampicillin/sulbactam ≤ 2- ≥ 32 6
Monobactam
 aztreonam ≤ 1- ≥ 64 3
Carbapenem         
 imipenem ≤ 1 0
  1. MIC minimum inhibitory concentration
  2. - not tested