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Table 1 A summary of descriptive characteristics of included studies

From: Hepatitis E virus infection among pregnant women in Africa: systematic review and meta-analysis

Author Publication year Study- period Study design Country Age Sample size (n) Setting IgG (%) Assay method
Depaschal et al. [25] 2016 2014 CS Benin 15–41 278 Mixed 16.19 Dia. Pro
Traore et al. [26] 2012 2010/2011 CS Burkina Faso   189 Mixed 11.6 Dia. Pro
Florence et al. [27] 2016   CS Burkina Faso 18–45 179 Mixed 10.6 Creative diagnostic
Noufensi et al. [28]. 2016   CS Cameroon 16–41 200 Mixed 9 Pristige
Gad et al. [29] 2011   CS Egypt 15–41 116 Mixed 58.6 Genelabs
Stoszek et al. [30] 2005 1997/2003 CS Egypt 16–48- 2428 Rural 84.3 In house EIA
El-shety et al. [31] 2014   CS Egypt 17–40 100 Rural 45 Others
Tekeste et al. [32] 2017 2016 CS Eritrea 15–49 153 Mixed 26.8 Euroimmun
Abebe et al. [33] 2017 2015 CS Ethiopia 16–40 386 Mixed 31.6 Wanti
Nigussie et al. [34] 2018 2016 CS Ethiopia 18–50 846 Mixed 42.4 Wanti
Tsega et al. [35] 1993 1988/91 Cohort Ethiopia 15–45 32 Mixed 59 Others
Caron et al. [36] 2008 2005 CS Gabon 14–44 840 Mixed 14.1 TMB
Caron et al. [37] 2012 2008 CS Gabon 14–43 243   6.6 TMB
Adjei et al. [38] 2016 2008 CS Ghana 13–42 157 Mixed 28.7 Interna immuno diag.
Obiri-Yeboah et al. [39] 2018 2016 CS Ghana 28.01 398 Mixed 12.2 Innovita
Junaid et al. [40] 2014 2012 CS Nigeria 15–40 108 Mixed 25.4 Interna. Immune diag.
Alkali et al [41] 2016 2016 CS Nigeria 18–45 182 Mixed 9.9 Euroimmun
Lene et al. [42] 2018 2016 CS Tanzania 27.6 200 Mixed 8 Others
Hannachi et al. [43] 2011 2009 CS Tunisia 17–52 404 Mixed 12.1 Others
Musa et al 2016    Sudan 15–45 93 Mixed 61.2 Sorono
Al-Tayeb, et al [44] 2014 2013 CS Sudan 16–42 90 Mixed 41.1 Others
Eltayeb et al. [45] 2015 2013 CS Sudan 27.5 209 Mixed 12.5 Euroimmun
  1. CS cross sectional; Mixed: both rural and urban; Others: Innovita, Pristige,Sorono, Cyproheptadine