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Table 2 Characteristics of included studies

From: Mapping evidence of intervention strategies to improving men’s uptake to HIV testing services in sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic scoping review

Author & year Country Study aim Population Sample Age group Study Design Research Method
Aarnio et al., 2009 [48] Malawi To explore married men’s perceptions of HIV in pregnancy and male involvement in antenatal HIV testing and counselling in Southern Malawi Men 388 15 years & older cross-sectional survey & FGD) quantitative & qualitative
Auld et al., 2015 [42] Multiple (East & West Africa) To evaluate gender equity in ART access among adults Men & women 765,087 (patient records) 15 years & older Patient records Quantitative
Bwambale et al., 2008 [49] Uganda To determine the prevalence and factors associated with VCT use among men in Bukonzo West health sub-district, Kasese district Men 780 18 years & older FGD, KI interviews quantitative & qualitative
Camlin et al., 2016 [35] Kenya & Uganda To explore gender, cultural factors, and community level processes that influence men’s HIV testing uptake Men 230 Youth & adults Observations, FGD, in-depth interviews Qualitative
De Allegri et al., 2015 [5] Burkina Faso to explore factors shaping the decision to undergo Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) testing among men in rural Burkina Faso Men 937 20 & above Survey & interviews Quantitative & qualitative
DiCarlo et al., 2014 [36] Lesotho To explore gender norms, sexual decision-making, and perceptions of HIV among a sample of Basotho men and women in order to understand how these factors influence HIV testing and prevention. Men & women 30 men; 200 women 18 years & older interviews Qualitative
Ezeanolue et al., 2016 [23] Nigeria To assess whether a congregation-based intervention, the Healthy Beginning Initiative (HBI), would lead to increased uptake of HIV testing among male partners of pregnant women during pregnancy. Men 2498 18 years & older Randomized controlled trial Quantitative
Gage et al., 2005 [6] Uganda To examine rates and predictors of self-reported HIV testing and willingness to test among married men aged 15 /59 in Uganda Men 1962 15–54 years DHS Quantitative
Harichund et al., 2018 [37] South Africa To assess whether men or women in KwaZulu-Nataldisplayed a higher acceptance of HIVST and also explored factors that influenced and motivatedtheir acceptability. Men & women 12 males & 28 female 18 years & older FGD, interviews Qualitative
Hensen et al., 2014 [19, 53] Sub-Saharan Africa To describe HIV testingamong men in rural Lusaka Province, Zambia. Men 2828 15 years & older Systematic Review Quantitative
Hensen et al., 2015 [51] Zambia To describe HIV testing among men in rural Lusaka Province, Zambia Men 2828 15–60 years Randomized controlled trial Quantitative
Leblanc et al., 2015 [50] Ghana To explore men’s HIV knowledge, perceptions of HIV risk, and willingness to test for HIV in preparation for the initiation of formalized voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) services at Yendi Hospital in Yendi District, Ghana Men 129 18 years & older surveys, FGGs, interviews quantitative & qualitative
Leichliter et al., 2011 [38] South Africa To explore sexual health care access and seeking behaviours in men Men 58 18 years & older FGD Qualitative
Leta et al., 2012 [43] Ethiopia To investigate factors associated with VCT utilization among adult men since men are less likely than women to be offered and accept routine HIV testing Men 6778 15–59 years DHS Quantitative
Mambanga et al., 2016 [39] South Africa To investigate the factors that contribute to men’s reluctance to seek HCT at primary health care facilities in Vhembe District, South Africa. Men 15 Adult (age not specified) semi-structured interviews Qualitative
Matovu et al., 2014 [40] Uganda To explore the motivations for and barriers to couples’ HCT among married couples in Rakai, Uganda. Men & women 157 15 years & older FGD, KI interviews Qualitative
Mhlongo et al., 2013 [44] South Africa To determine factors associated with never testing for HIV and consistent condom use among men who nevertest in Soweto. Men 1539 18–32 years Questionnaires Quantitative
Nglazi et al., 2012 [7] South Africa To assess the effectiveness of incentivized mobile HCT in reaching unemployed men in Cape Town, South Africa Men 9416 15 years & older Survey Quantitative
Remien et al., 2009 [52] Middle East and North Africa region To assess important gender dimensions of access to HIV testing, care and treatment in the MENA region. Men & women Not specified Not specified not specified not specified
Sharma et al., 2017 [22] sub-Saharan Africa To examine community-based strategies to strengthen men’s engagement in the HIV care cascade in sub-Saharan Africa Men & women Not specified 15 years & older not specified not specified
Skovdal et al., 2011 [41] Zimbabwe To examine qualitatively how local constructions of masculinity in rural Zimbabwe impact on men’s use of HIV services Men & women 78 Adult (age not specified) FGD, interviews Qualitative
Stephenson et al., 2013 [46] Multiple African countries To investigate community influences on HIV testing among men ages 15–54, using Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) data from Chad, Ghana, Malawi, Nigeria, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Men 13,162 15–54 years DHS Quantitative
Huegra et al., 2018 [47] South Africa To assess progress towards the UNAIDS 90–90-90 targets in Mbongolwane and Eshowe, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Men & women 5649 15–59 years Cross-sectional Quantitative
Scott-Sheldon et al., 2013 [45] South Africa To evaluate the impact of testing on HIV knowledge and sexual risk among men in South Africa. Men 819 18 years & older Cross-sectional Quantitative