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Table 1 Characteristics of study population

From: Community-acquired Staphylococcus aureus bacteriuria: a warning microbiological marker for infective endocarditis?

Patient Age-range (10 yr) Gender Valvulopathy/prosthetic valve Diagnosis at ED discharge Number of positive blood cultures (n) Echocardiographic findings of infective endocarditis Predisposing factors Fever > 38 °C Vascular phenomena Immunologic phenomena Infective endocarditis localization Vegetation’s size (mm)a Site of infection Surgical indication Mortality at day 60
1 20–30 F   Appendicitis 2 X    X   Mitral UNK    
2 30–40 F   Endocarditis 11 X   X X   Mitral UNK Skin X X
3 40–50 M   Sepsis 2 X   X X   Aortic UNK    
4 M   Epigastralgia UNK X    X   Mitral, Aortic UNK Skin   
5 M   Fever UNK X   X X   Mitral, Aortic, Tricuspid UNK Skin X  
6 50–60 M   Septic shock of UNK origin 6 X X     Aortic UNK    X
7 M X Septic shock of UNK origin 6 X X X    Tricuspid UNK Skin   X
8 M   Peritonitis 7 X    X   Mitral 23    X
9 M X Endocarditis 9 X X X X   Mitral UNK    X
10 F   Meningitis 10 X    X   Mitral 13 Skin   
11 M X Endocarditis 5 X X X X   Mitral 15    X
12 F   Pyelonephritis UNK X   X X   Mitral 7    
13 M   Septic shock of UNK origin 4 X    X X Mitral 12 Skin X  
14 60–70 M X Sepsis 2 X X X X X Mitral 20    
15 M X Chronic heart failure 4 X X X    Mitral UNK Skin   X
16 M X Endocarditis 2 X X X X X Mitral 13 Skin X  
17 M X Prostatitis 4 X X X X   Mitral 18 Skin X X
18 70–80 F X Pneumonia 2 X X X    Mitral UNK   X X
19 M   Thoracic pain 3 X      Tricuspid 35 Skin   X
20 F X Endocarditis 2 X X X X   Mitral UNK Joint   X
21 M   Dyspnea 2 X   X    Mitral 10 Skin   X
22 F   Diverticulitis 2 X   X X X Mitral 23 Joint X  
23 M   Pneumonia 2 X    X   Mitral UNK Skin   X
24 M X Asthenia 2 X X     Mitral 15 Skin   
25 80–90 F   Low back pain 4 X    X X Mitral UNK Skin   X
26 F   Erysipelas 4 X   X X X Aortic 13    
27 M   Dyspnea 4 X     X Mitral, Aortic 8    X
  1. aall patients had vegetations identified during echocardiographic assessment, but the size of the vegetation was not always measured
  2. Abbreviations: ED Emergency Department, UNK Unknown