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Table 4 Comparison of bacterial cultures from necrotic tissue

From: Risk factors of synchronous multifocal necrotizing fasciitis: a case control study in comparison with monofocal necrotizing fasciitis in Taiwan

  SMNF (n = 19) MONF (n = 125) P
Monomicrobial isolation, No. (%) 18 (94.7) 120 (96) 0.579
 Gram-positive bacteria 3 (16.6) 64 (53.3) 0.005*
 Gram-negative bacteria 15 (83.3) 56 (46.6)  
Polymicrobial isolation, No. (%) 1 (5.3) 5 (4)  
A total of bacterial species    
Staphylococcus aureus 1 31  
  Methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus 0 16  
  Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus 1 15  
  Coagulase-negative staphylococcus 1 8  
Streptococcus viridans 0 3  
  Group A β-hemolytic streptococcus 1 26  
Enterococcus 0 3  
Vibrio spp. 14 37  
  Vibrio vulnificus 13 36  
  Vibrio cholerae 1 1  
Aeromonas spp. 2 7  
Klebsiella spp. 0 5  
Pseudomonas aeruginosa 0 2  
Morganella morganii 0 3  
Proteus 0 2  
Escherichia coli 0 1  
Klebsiella pneumoniae 1 0  
Chryseobacterium spp. 0 1  
Shewanella putrefaciens 0 1  
Eikenella corrodens 0 1  
  1. SMNF, synchronous multifocal necrotizing fasciitis, MONF monofocal necrotizing fasciitis; *p < 0.05