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Table 5 Risk factors for 30-day mortality in patients with spontaneous bacterial peritonitis

From: Causative agents and outcome of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in cirrhotic patients: community-acquired versus nosocomial infections

Risk factor Survivors
(n = 233)
Nonsurvivors
(n = 101)
Univariate Multivariate
P value p value HR 95% CI
Age, mean years _ SD 55.3 ± 10.7 56.1 ± 9.9 0.869
Male 191 79 0.401
Child-Pugh classification 0.007 0.007 2.167 1.236–3.798
Class B 67 15     
Class C 166 86     
Hepatocellular carcinoma 53 40 0.005 0.002 1.930 1.284–2.901
Nosocomial infection 98 57 0.005 0.044 1.514 1.012–2.267
Resistance to third - generation cephalosporins 77 40 0.321
Gastrointestinal bleeding 23 15 0.105
Renal failure 34 31 0.001 < 0.001 2.244 1.440–3.496
Septic shock 14 11 0.156
Hepatic encephalopathy 37 32 < 0.001 0.012 1.739 1.129–2.677