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Table 4 Comparison of the drug resistance of major gram-positive bacteria to commonly used antibacterial agents between nosocomial and community-acquired SBP

From: Causative agents and outcome of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in cirrhotic patients: community-acquired versus nosocomial infections

Antibiotics Staphylococcus aureus (n = 16) Enterococcus (n = 54)
Nosocomial
(n = 9)
Community-acquired (n = 7) p value Nosocomial (n = 43) Community-acquired (n = 11) p value
Penicillin 8 (88.9) 5 (71.4) 0.550 37 (86.0) 8 (72.7) 0.546
Oxacillin 6 (66.7) 3 (42.9) 0.615
Erythromycin 8 (88.9) 4 (57.1) 0.262 36 (83.7) 6 (54.5) 0.038
Clindamycin 7 (77.8) 1 (14.3) 0.041
Nitrofurantoin 0 0 NS 25 (58.1) 2 (18.2) 0.043
Rifampicin 0 0 NS 37 (86.0) 8 (72.7) 0.546
Tetracycline 4 (44.4) 2 (28.6) 0.633 24 (55.8) 6 (54.5) 0.940
Ciprofloxacin 5 (55.6) 2 (28.6) 0.358 32 (74.4) 8 (72.7) 0.909
SMZ 1 (11.1) 1 (14.3) NS
Linezolid 0 0 NS 0 0 NS
Vancomycin 0 0 NS 8 (18.6) 1 (9.1) 0.762
Teicoplanin 0 0 NS 4 (9.3) 0 0.571