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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of patients with spontaneous bacterial peritonitis

From: Causative agents and outcome of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in cirrhotic patients: community-acquired versus nosocomial infections

Characteristic Total
(n = 334, %)
Nosocomial SBP
(n = 155, %)
Community-acquired SBP
(n = 179, %)
P value
Age, mean years ± SD 55.5 ± 10.4 56.3 ± 10.3 54.9 ± 10.4 0.222
Sex, Male 270 (80.8) 127 (81.9) 143 (79.9) 0.635
Main cause of liver cirrhosis (n, %)     0.903
 HBV infection 145 (43.4) 67 (43.2) 78 (43.6) 0.949
 HCV infection 31 (9.3) 17 (11.0) 14 (7.8) 0.323
 Alcohol use 123 (36.8) 55 (35.5) 68 (38.0) 0.636
 Primary biliary cirrhosis 15 (4.5) 7 (4.5) 8 (4.5) 0.984
 Other 20 (6.0) 9 (5.8) 11 (6.1) 0.896
Child-Pugh classification     0.453
 Class B 82 (24.6) 41 (26.5) 41 (22.9)  
 Class C 252 (75.4) 114 (73.5) 138 (77.1)  
 MELD score ± SD 16.9 ± 9.7 17.6 ± 10.0 16.0 ± 9.4 0.218
Initial presenting symptoms
 Fever 178 (53.3) 107 (69.0) 71 (39.7) < 0.001
 Vomiting/diarrhea 57 (17.1) 30 (19.4) 27 (15.1) 0.301
 Abdominal pain 153 (45.8) 81 (52.3) 72 (40.2) 0.028
 Hepatic encephalopathy 69 (20.7) 38 (24.5) 31 (17.3) 0.105
 Gastrointestinal bleeding 38 (11.4) 18 (11.6) 20 (11.2) 0.900
 Renal failure 65 (19.5) 40 (25.8) 25 (14.0) 0.006
 Septic shock 25 (7.5) 13 (8.4) 12 (6.7) 0.560
 Hepatocellular carcinoma 93 (28.7) 55 (35.5) 38 (21.2) 0.004