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Table 3 Univariate model for poor tuberculosis treatment outcomes at the zone level in Ethiopia, 2015–2017

From: Mapping tuberculosis treatment outcomes in Ethiopia

Independent variables Coefficient (95% CI) P-value
Socio-economic factors
 Low wealth index 0.01 (0.005, 0.016) < 0.001
 Population density 0.00002 (−0.00004, 0.00009) 0.429
 Dependency ratio −1.01 (−1.85, − 0.192) 0.016
 Average number of persons per room 0.23 (0.11, 0.350) 0.001
 Unemployed population 0.0535 (0.025, 0.082) < 0.001
 Adult literacy rate −0.0088 (− 0.013, − 0.0002) 0.045
Behavioural factors
 Chat chewing −0.011 (− 0.02, − 0.003) 0.011
 Alcohol drinking − 0.0039 (− 0.009, 0.001) 0.115
Health care access
 Health care access problem −0.0001 (− 0.01, 0.008) 0.995
 Poor knowledge towards TB 0.003 (0.0015, 0.009) 0.046
 Poor attitude towards TB 0.002 (−0.007, 0.012) 0.653
Climatic factors
 Enhanced vegetation index −0.0001 (− 0.0003, −6.59e-06) 0.041
 Rainfall −0.0001 (− 0.0003, −4.93e-06) 0.044
 Aridity − 0.0001 (− 0.0001, − 0.00003) 0.001
 Mean temperature 0.133 (0.09, 0.168) < 0.001