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Table 7 Socio-demographic, clinical and life style associated potential risk factors

From: Sequel and therapeutic modalities of leptospirosis associated severe pulmonary haemorrhagic syndrome (SPHS); a Sri Lankan experience

Parameter SPHS No LPH P value*
n % N %
Age < 40 years 28 59.6 19 40.4 0.7053
> 40 years 52 64.2 29 35.8
Sex Male 68 63.6 39 36.4 0.6263
Female 12 57.1 9 42.9
Smoking Yes 37 100.0 0 0.0 0.0091
No 43 82.7 9 17.3
Alcohol consumption Yes 41 93.2 3 6.8 0.4845
No 39 86.7 6 13.3
Oliguria on admission Yes 71 71.0 29 29.0 0.0003
No 9 32.1 19 67.9
Conjunctival injections Yes 54 76.1 17 23.9 0.0005
No 26 45.6 31 54.4
Tachycardia (> 100 bpm) Yes 70 69.3 31 30.7 0.0033
No 10 37.0 17 63.0
Hypotension Yes 62 81.6 14 18.4 < 0.0001
No 18 34.6 34 65.4
Tachypnoea Yes 72 80.9 17 19.1 < 0.0001
No 8 20.5 31 79.5
Arterial hypoxaemia Yes 68 94.4 4 5.6 < 0.0001
No 12 21.4 44 78.6
Leukocytosis Yes 69 75.0 23 25.0 < 0.0001
No 11 30.6 25 69.4
Thrombocytopenia Yes 54 84.4 10 15.6 < 0.0001
No 26 40.6 38 59.4
  1. *Chi-square test or Fishers exact test