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Table 2 Overview of previously described cases of leptospirosis and pancreatitis

From: Acute pancreatitis and vasoplegic shock associated with leptospirosis – a case report and review of the literature

Case, Country Diagnosis of leptospirosis Diagnosis of pancreatitis ICU/ Operation
Dalamaga M, J Med. 2004, Greece [3] IgMa (ELISAb), Microscopic Agglutination Test (MATc), dark-field microscopy of urine Lipase/Amylase not reported/not reported
Panagopoulos P, J Med Case Rep. 2014, Greece/Congo [4] IgMa, rapid agglutination test for leptospira Amylase yes/no abdominal operation
Popa D, J Med Life. 2013, Romania [5] “test for leptospirosis” not reported yes/yes
Herath NJ, BMC Infect Dis. 2016, Sri Lanka [6] Microscopic agglutination test (MATc) Amylase yes/not reported
Alian S, Med J Islam Repub Iran. 2015, Iran [7] IFAd (immunofluorescence assay); if the IFAd was negative, MATc(microscopic agglutination test) Lipase/Amylase not reported/not reported
Goswami RP, Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2014, India [8] lateral flow immunoassay by rapid immunochromatographic test (ICTe) or ELISAb IgMa or a positive culture Lipase/Amylase not reported/not reported
Jain AK, Indian J Surg. 2013, India [9] ELISAb Lipase/Amylase yes/laparatomy
Baburaj P, J Assoc Physicians India. 2008, India [10] IgMa (ELISAb) Lipase/Amylase not reported/not reported
Mazhar M, Hawaii J Med Public Health. 2016, USA/Hawaii [11] IgMa Lipase yes/not reported
Lim SM, J Pak Med Assoc. 2014, Malaysia [12] IgMa Amylase not reported/not reported
Yew KL, J Formos Med Assoc. 2015, Malaysia [13] IgMa by latex agglutination method Amylase yes/not reported
Ranawaka N, BMC Infect Dis. 2013, Sri Lanka [14] IgMa, Microscopic Agglutination Test (MATc) Amylase yes/not reported
Spichler A, Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2007, Brazil [15] IgMa + IgGf (ELISAb) Lipase/Amylase yes/no
Silva AP, Braz J Infect Dis. 2011, Brazil [16] IgMa (ELISAb) Lipase/Amylase not reported/not reported
Kaya E, World J Gastroenterol. 2005, Turkey [17] microagglutination test, dark-field microscopy Lipase/Amylase yes/laparatomy
Pai ND, J Assoc Physicians India. 2002, India [18] not reported Amylase not reported/not reported
Our case IgMa + IgGf(ELISAb), qPCRg Lipase yes/no
  1. aIgM: Immunoglobulin M, bELISA Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, cMAT Microscopic Agglutination Test, dIFA immunofluorescence assay, eICT immunochromatographic test, fIgG Immunoglobulin G, gqPCR real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction