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Table 3 Findings in presumptive TB lymphadenitis at the time of inclusion, n (%)

From: Evaluation of treatment response in extrapulmonary tuberculosis in a low-resource setting

   Diagnosis
Total TB Non-TB P valuea
Characteristics n = 67 n = 34 n = 33  
Localization     .549b
 Unilateral 40 (60%) 22 (65%) 18 (55%)  
 Bilateral/generalized 27 (40%) 12 (35%) 15 (45%)  
 Only cervical 50 (75%)    
  Unilateral   17 (50%) 14 (42%)  
  Bilateral   9 (26%) 10 (30%)  
 Only axillary 6 (9%)    
  Unilateral   3 (9%) 3 (9%)  
  Bilateral   0 (−) 0 (−)  
 Only inguinal 2 (3%)    
  Unilateral   0 (−) 1 (3%)  
  Bilateral   0 (−) 1 (3%)  
 Cervical and axillary 6 (9%)    
  Unilateral   2 (6%) 0 (−)  
  Bilateral   1 (3%) 2 (6%)  
  Cervical bilateral and axilla unilateral   1 (3%) 0 (−)  
 Generalized 3 (4%) 1 (3%) 2 (6%)  
Size of largest lymph nodec     .031
  ≤ 2 cm 9 (13%) 1 (3%) 8 (24%)  
  > 2–4 cm 25 (37%) 13 (38%) 12 (36%)  
  > 4 cm 33 (49%) 20 (59%) 13 (39%)  
Matted nodes 38 (57%) 24 (71%) 14 (42%) .020
Painful 9 (13%) 7 (21%) 2 (6%) .081
Discharge/fistula 7 (10%) 6 (18%) 1 (3%) .051
  1. Abbreviation: TB tuberculosis
  2. aP value < 0. 01 (0.05/5) considered statistically significant
  3. b Test for different risk for unilateral vs. bilateral/generalized localization in TB and Non-TB group
  4. c Long axis of largest lymph node swelling