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Table 3 Factors associated with the prevalence of active trachoma among children age 1–9 years at Madda Walabu district, Southeast Ethiopia, May 2017

From: Prevalence of active trachoma and associated risk factors among children of the pastoralist population in Madda Walabu rural district, Southeast Ethiopia: a community-based cross-sectional study

Variables Trachoma Crude OR (95%CI) Adjusted OR (95%CI)
Yes (n = 89) No (n = 317)
Source of drinking water
 Piped water/public tap 7 169 1 1
 Surface water (River/pond) 5 38 87.5 (29.5259.8)* 13 (2.9, 58.2)**
 Unprotected well/spring 18 87 27.6 (8.2,93.1)* 6.1 (1.0,36.5)**
 Rain water 30 15 17.5 (6.9,44.5)* 4.8 (1.3,17.8)**
 Protected well/spring 29 8 1.8 (0.67,4.9) 1.7 (0.51,5.5)
Sex of the child
 Male 42 173 0.74 (0.48,1.2) 1.4 (0.68,2.95)
 Female 47 144 1 1
Time to fetch water
 < 15 min’ walk 6 179 1 1
 16–30 min’ walk 9 74 85.9 (32.2229.8)* 8.7 (2.20,34.2)**
 31–60 min’ walk 25 47 23.7 (9.80,57.4)* 2.6 (0.62,11.1)
 > 60 min’ walk 49 17 5.4 (2.6,11.3)* 2.4 (0.85,6.9)
Presence of latrine
 Yes 34 245 1 1
 No 55 72 5.5 (3.30,9.10)* 2.5 (1.80,5.30)**
A parent reported the use of soap when face last washed
 Yes 9 169 1 1
 No 80 148 10.2 (4.90,20.9)* 4.3 (1.80,10.60)**
A parent reported face washing frequency
 Occasionally 45 68 1 1
 Once per day 31 83 0.12 (0.06,0.23)* 0.41 (0.15,1.11)
 More than once per day 13 166 0.21 (0.10,0.42)* 0.40 (0.15,1.10)
Heard about trachoma
 Yes 70 285 1 1
 No 19 32 2.42 (1.29,4.52)* 0.72 (0.27,1.90)
  1. OR Odds Ratio *(P < 0.05) crude, ** (p < 0.05) adjusted