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Table 2 Environmental and other factors associated with the occurrence of trachoma in Madda Walabu district, Southeast Ethiopia, May 2017 (n = 406)

From: Prevalence of active trachoma and associated risk factors among children of the pastoralist population in Madda Walabu rural district, Southeast Ethiopia: a community-based cross-sectional study

Variables Frequency Percentage (%)
Source of drinking water
 Piped water/public tap 176 43.3
 Unprotected well/spring 105 25.9
 Rainwater 45 11.1
 Surface water (River/pond) 43 10.6
 Protected well/spring 37 9.1
Time to fetch water
 < 15 min’ walk 185 45.6
 16–30 min’ walk 83 20.4
 31–60 min’ walk 72 17.7
 > 60 min’ walk 66 16.3
Presence of latrine
 Yes 279 68.7
 No 127 31.3
Hand washing facility near latrine (n = 279)
 Yes 57 20.4
 No 222 79.6
The solid waste disposal site
 Open field 209 51.5
 Burning/burying 177 43.6
 In uncovered pit 17 4.2
 In covered pit 3 0.7
A parent reported the frequency of face washing
 More than once per day 179 44.1
 At least once per day 114 28.1
 Only occasionally 113 27.8
A parent reported the use of soap when face last washed
 Yes 178 43.8
 No 228 56.2
Heard about trachoma
 Yes 355 87.4
 No 51 12.6
Presences of eye drainage
 Yes 94 23.2
 No 312 76.8
Nasal discharge
 Yes 126 31.0
 No 280 69.0
Presence of fly on the face
 Yes 154 37.9
 No 252 62.1