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Table 2 IgM and viral detection in children with F/R in Vientiane Children Hospital. Numbers indicate the positives among the samples tested. Numbers in brackets are percentages. For HHV6, HHV7 and parvovirus B19 nucleic acid detection, serum samples were used, for measles and enterovirus throat swabs. Numbers include co-detected viruses

From: Varicella zoster and fever rash surveillance in Lao People’s Democratic Republic

Virus Detection Method Total (%) Age (years)
0–5 > 5–10 > 10–15 > 15
Parvovirus B19 ELISA (IgM) 4/498 (0.8) 2/440 (0.5) 2/46 (4.3) 0/11 0/1
PCR 1/498 (0.2) 1/440 (0.2) 0/46 0/11 0/1
Measles ELISA (IgM) 12/498 (2.4) 10/440 (2.2) 1/46 (2.2) 1/11 (9.1) 0/1
PCR 2/477 (0.4) 2/421 (0.5) 0/45 0/10 0/1
Rubella ELISA (IgM) 25/498 (5.0) 22/440 (5.0) 2/46 (4.3) 1/11 (9.1) 0/1
Adenovirus ELISA (IgM) 39/498 (7.8) 36/440 (8.2) 2/46 (4.3) 1/11 (9.1) 0/1
VZV ELISA (IgM) 20/498 (4.0) 13/440 (3.0) 5/46 (10.9) 2/11 (18.2) 0/1
Enterovirus PCR 1/477 (0.2) 1/421 (0.2) 0/45 0/10 0/1
HHV6 PCR 38/498 (7.6) 37/440 (8.4) 1/46 (2.2) 0/11 0/1
HHV7 PCR 11/498 (2.2) 11/440 (2.5) 0/46 0/11 0/1