Skip to main content

Table 4 Prevalence of intestinal parasites and its association with socio-demographic, clinical and other risk factors among ART initiated HIV patients (n = 242) in St. Mary Aksum General Hospital, Tigray, Ethiopia in 2017

From: Intestinal parasitosis in relation to CD4 count and anemia among ART initiated patients in St. Mary Aksum general hospital, Tigray, Ethiopia

Characteristics   No. of study participant No. of individuals with IPIs (%) COR (95% CI), p-value AOR (95%CI), p-value
Residence Urban 222 54(24.3) 1 1
Rural 20 10(50.0) .311(1.229–7.874), .017 1.597(.516–4.941), .417
Wash hands before meal Yes 191 37(19.4) 1 1
No 51 27(52.9) 4.682(2.428–9.029), .000 4.668(2.098–8.933), < 0.01
Eat uncooked Vegetable Yes 59 26(44.1) 3.006(1.608–5.622), .001 2.756(1.377–5.514), .005
No 183 38(20.8) 1 1
Anti-parasite Medication Yes 146 30(20.6) 1 1
No 96 34(35.4) 2.120(1.188–3.786) .011 2.043(1.067–3.895), .028
CD4 category < 200 39 18(46.2) 2.971(1.405,6.286), .004 .512(.134–1.955), .328
200–500 69 16(23.2) 1.047(.524–2.089), .897 .518(.221–1.215), .131
500+ 134 30(22.4) 1 1
Anemia Yes 27 15(55.6) 4.235(1.859–9.646), .001 2.739(1.023–7.334), .045
No 215 49(22.8) 1 1
Stool consistency Formed 69 8(11.6) 1 1
Soft 101 26(25.7) 2.643(1.117–6.256), .027 2.374(.951–5.927), .064
Loose 44 17(38.6) 4.801(1.848–12.472), .001 2.652(.921–7.637), .071
Diarrhea 28 13(46.4) 6.608(2.321–18.815), .000 4.119(1.237–13.708), .021
Diarrhea condition No diarrhea 214 51(23.8) 1 1
Chronic diarrhea 17 8(47.1) 2.841(1.041–7.745), .041 1.234(.204–7.473), .813
Acute diarrhea 11 5(45.5) 2.663(.780–9.092), .118  
  1. Note: AOR Adjusted Odds Ratio, COR Crude Odds Ratio; 1: referent
  2. Variables with a p value in boldface are statisticaly significant