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Table 4 Results of multivariate analyses for ARI in all age categories (overall), children (<16years) and adults

From: “Sickenin’ in the rain” – increased risk of gastrointestinal and respiratory infections after urban pluvial flooding in a population-based cross-sectional study in the Netherlands

Model & Covariates Overall without ARI Overall with ARI aOR Children without ARI Children with ARI aOR Adults without ARI Adults with ARI aOR
N (%) N (%) (95% CI) a N (%) N (%) (95% CI) a N (%) N (%) (95% CI) a
Type of exposure
 Skin contact 406 (68) 121 (88) 3.6 (1.9, 6.9) 54 (64) 16 (89) NA 352 (69) 105 (88) 3.7 (1.8, 7.7)
Type of activity
 Water contact
  No (ref)    ref    ref    ref
  Yes, no cleaning 168 (17) 44 (27) 3.0 (1.6, 5.7) NA NA NA 112 (13) 28 (20) 3.8 (1.9, 7.6)
  Yes, cleaning inside 155 (16) 35 (21) 4.0 (2.2, 7.4) NA NA NA 149 (18) 35 (25) 4.3 (2.2, 8.4)
  Yes, cleaning outside 61 (6) 22 (13) 4.4 (2.2, 8.7) NA NA NA 59 (7) 22 (15) 5.2 (2.5, 10.7)
  Yes, cleaning in & out 98 (10) 32 (19) 5.5 (3.0, 10.3) NA NA NA 95 (11) 32 (23) 5.7 (2.9, 11.3)
 Cycled 61 (6) 25 (15) NA 12 (8) 3 (13) NA 49 (6) 22 (15) NA
 Do not know 2 (0) 5 (3) 9.4 (1.4, 64.9) 0 (0) 2 (8) NA 2 (0) 3 (2) NA
  1. Note: aOR adjusted odds ratio, CI confidence interval, NA not applicable (overall analyses of exposure vs AGE could not be performed for children), ref reference category
  2. aAdjusted for age, sex, summer, having hay fever and having lung anomalies (e.g. asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease - COPD, etc.)
  3. Factors with a p-value <0.05 are expressed in bold