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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of study participants and their association with drug sensitivity patterns of M. tuberculosis isolates, South Gondar Zone, Amhara region, northwest Ethiopia (2015–2017)

From: Molecular detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis sensitivity to rifampicin and isoniazid in South Gondar Zone, northwest Ethiopia

Characteristics Any drug resistance COR (95% CI) p-value
Yes, n (%) No, n (%) Total, N (%)
Sex
 Male 10 (17.5) 47 (82.5) 57 (100) 1.00  
 Female 10 (18.5) 44 (81.5) 54 (100) 1.06 (0.40–2.81) 1.00
Age (years)
 5–17 2 (18.2) 9 (81.8) 11 (100) 1.00  
 18–30 9 (21.4) 33 (78.6) 42 (100) 1.22 (0.22–6.72) 0.813
 31–43 3 (8.8) 31 (91.2) 34 (100) 0.43 (0.06–3.02) 0.390
 44–56 4 (22.2) 14 (77.8) 18 (100) 1.28 (0.19–8.53) 0.794
  > 56 2 (33.3) 4 (66.7) 6 (100) 2.25 (0.22–22.14) 0.481
Patient category
 New cases 15 (16.7) 75 (83.3) 90 (100) 1.00  
 Retreatment 5 (23.8) 16 (76.2) 21 (100) 1.56 (0.49–4.92) 0.443
Family TB history
 Yes 6 (16.7) 30 (83.3) 36 (100) 1.00  
 No 14 (18.7) 61 (81.3) 75 (100) 1.14 (0.40–3.28) 0.797
Clinical presentation
 PTB 11 (25.0) 33 (75.0) 44 (100) 1.00  
 EPTB 9 (13.4) 58 (86.6) 67 (100) 0.46 (0.17–1.23) 0.120
  1. COR crude odds ratio, CI confidence interval