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Table 4 Independent risk factors associated to death in cases with Moderate-to-severe diarrhea (MSD (Multivariate analysis)

From: Risk factors for death among children 0–59 months of age with moderate-to-severe diarrhea in Manhiça district, southern Mozambique

Variable Hazard Ratio 95% Conf. Interval p-value(*)
Age (months)(a) 0.995 (0.963, 1.023) 0.7433
Malnutrition 4.132 (2.428, 6.877) <  0.0001
Pneumonia/lower resp. infection 3.515 (2.158, 5.682) <  0.0001
Invasive bacterial disease (IBD) 6.804 (2.435, 15.516) 0.0009
Cryptosporidium 2.142 (1.289, 3.487) 0.0038
Lethargy or loss of consciousness 1.730 (1.054, 2.903) 0.0300
Wrinkled skin 1.712 (1.027, 2.846) 0.0395
  1. *Cox Regression with Firth’s Penalized Likelihood adjusted for age and CI based on the Profile Penalized-Log Likelihood
  2. aHazard Ratio is the relative change in Hazard per one month increase in age