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Table 3 Relative increase in odds derived from a multivariate binomial logistic model where community-level prevalence of TT in adults aged ≥15-years is dependent on a 10% increase in community-level prevalence of TF in children aged 1–9 years

From: Understanding the spatial distribution of trichiasis and its association with trachomatous inflammation—follicular

Covariate Benin Cote d’Ivoire DRC Ethiopia Guinea Malawi Mozambique Nigeria Sudan Uganda
OR p-value OR p-value OR p-value OR p-value OR p-value OR p-value OR p-value OR p-value OR p-value OR p-value
TF prevalence 1.779 < 0.001 1.854 0.010 1.527 < 0.001 1.226 < 0.001 1.427 0.311 1.486 0.001 1.739 < 0.001 1.196 < 0.001 1.638 < 0.001 2.157 0.163
Reported use of latrines for defecation by household adults 0.596 0.087 0.909 0.421 0.902 < 0.001 1.046 < 0.001 1.067 0.254 0.835 0.034 1.082 0.001 1.051 < 0.001 0.983 0.410 1.104 0.470
Improved latrines 1.664 0.109 1.153 0.324 0.961 0.110 0.990 0.489 0.950 0.362 0.830 0.116 0.973 0.412 0.976 < 0.001 0.998 0.963 1.259 0.020
Improved water source 0.978 0.554 0.925 0.280 0.978 0.067 1.015 0.005 1.022 0.683 1.061 0.111 1.019 0.285 1.011 0.078 1.008 0.644 0.979 0.883
Improved water source on property 1.328 0.191 0.854 0.469 0.948 0.758 1.011 0.801 1.075 0.708 1.026 0.942 0.852 0.244 0.944 < 0.001 0.870 0.151 0.000 0.055
Water source on property 0.805 0.283 1.522 0.052 0.951 0.618 1.031 0.506 1.083 0.699 0.916 0.792 1.135 0.283 1.023 0.023 1.052 0.628 812.073 0.058
Water source distance more than 30 min 0.948 0.105 1.033 0.688 1.015 0.224 1.008 0.170 1.133 0.031 0.992 0.844 1.015 0.446 0.993 0.406 0.981 0.318 1.283 0.263
Aridity Index 0.854 0.402 0.904 0.729 0.919 0.006 0.881 < 0.001 0.903 0.121 0.978 0.779 0.902 0.070 0.565 < 0.001 2.293 < 0.001 2.095 0.400
Sand/soil fraction 1.962 0.033 1.444 0.450 1.002 0.977 0.798 < 0.001 0.973 0.899 1.112 0.526 1.047 0.551 0.977 0.438 0.950 0.457 0.540 0.226
Stable night light (1997) 0.293 0.200 10.257 0.371 1.311 0.003 0.807 0.003 0.397 0.414 1.538 0.640 2.160 0.001 2.121 < 0.001 1.295 0.265 16.041 0.259
  1. Community-level household prevalence of improved sanitation and hygiene facilities as well as gridded covariates were included along with community-level prevalence of TF