Skip to main content

Table 2 Post-exposure prophylaxis according to the site and time of exposures and characteristics of the suspected animal

From: Human rabies post exposure prophylaxis at the Pasteur Institute of Dakar, Senegal: trends and risk factors

  Total cohort
N=905
No PEP
N=65
Partial PEP
N=347
Complete PEP
N=493
n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
Type of exposure
 Simple contact/licking 37 (4.1) 1 (1.6) 4 (1.2) 32 (6.6)
 Scratches only 78 (8.7) 6 (9.2) 25 (7.2) 47 (9.6)
 Bite (with or without scratches) 785 (87.2) 58 (89.2) 318 (91.6) 409 (83.8)
Body parts bitten or scratched
 Legs-feet 446 (52.0) 36 (57.1) 172 (50.3) 238 (52.6)
 Hands-arms 282 (32.9) 20 (31.8) 113 (33.0) 149 (33.0)
 Head (including face) 39 (4.5) 0 (0) 23 (6.7) 16 (3.5)
 Other (including trunk) 90 (10.5) 7 (11.1) 34 (9.9) 49 (10.8)
Season of exposure
 Rainy season (June-Oct) 415 (45.9) 36 (55.4) 166 (47.8) 213 (43.2)
 Dry season (Nov-May) 490 (54.1) 29 (44.6) 181 (52.2) 280 (56.8)
Number of wounds and/or bite
 From 1 to 5 783 (92.6) 58 (92.1) 306 (91.6) 419 (93.3)
 More than 5 63 (7.4) 5 (7.9) 28 (8.4) 30 (6.7)
Suspected rabid animal
 Dog 794 (87.7) 59 (90.8) 309 (89.0) 426 (86.4)
 Cat 67 (7.4) 2 (3.1) 21 (6.0) 44 (8.9)
 Other (monkey, horse, rat) 44 (4.9) 4 (6.1) 17 (5.0) 23 (4.7)
WHO category of exposure
 I 11 (1.2) 1 (1.6) 2 (0.6) 8 (1.6)
 II 206 (23.1) 16 (25.0) 73 (21.3) 117 (24.0)
 III 677 (75.7) 47 (73.4) 267 (78.1) 363 (74.4)
Delay between the exposure and the start of PEP ≥ 1 day 167 (18.5) 65 (100) 59 (17.0) 43 (8.7)
  1. N total number of individuals, n number of individuals in the specified category; %: 100*n/N