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Table 2 Use of antibiotics for treatment of watery diarrhoea in children up to 4 years of age at two large health care centres in Abakaliki, Nigeria

From: Apparent overuse of antibiotics in the management of watery diarrhoea in children in Abakaliki, Nigeria

Variable N* Treated with antibiotics
Number (%)
95% confidence interval (mid-P Exact) P value
Age <  1 year 136 117 (86.0) 79.4–91.1 0.598
Age 1–4 years 63 56 (88.9) 79.3–95.0
Female 74 62 (83.8) 74.1–90.9 0.299
Male 119 106 (89.1) 82.5–93.8
Urban 88 72 (81.8) 72.7–88.9 0.066
Rural 110 100 (90.9) 84.4–95.3
No fever 3 3 (100) 36.8–100.0 0.656
Fever 196 170 (86.7) 81.4–91.0
No vomiting 15 12 (80.0) 54.7–94.7 0.423
Vomiting 184 161 (87.5) 82.1–91.7
No mucus in stool 59 54 (91.5) 82.2–96.8 0.247
Mucus in stool 137 117 (85.4) 78.7–90.6
No blood in stool 189 163 (86.2) 80.8–90.6 0.238
Blood in stool 10 10 (100.0) 74.1–100.0
Diarrhoea duration:
<  1 week
148 129 (87.2) 81.0–91.9 0.854
Duration of diarrhoea: 1 week or more 51 44 (86.3) 74.7–93.8
Diarrhoea frequency: up to 3 times per 24 h 58 45 (77.6) 65.6–86.9 0.018**
Diarrhoea frequency:
>  3 times per 24 h
141 128 (90.8) 85.1–94.8
Total 199 173 (86.9) 81.7–91.1  
  1. *Whether antibiotics were used was not reported for one child, gender was not reported for six children, rural-urban was missing data for one child, and presence of mucus in stool was not reported for three children
  2. **Statistically significant difference