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Table 3 Predictors of delay in seeking health care among pulmonary tuberculosis patients in public health institutions, North-West zone of Tigrai region, North Ethiopia, November 2015 to January 2016 (n = 422)

From: Health care seeking delay among pulmonary tuberculosis patients in North West zone of Tigrai region, North Ethiopia

Variables Health care seeking delay > 30 days) COR (95% C.I) AOR (95% C.I)
Yes, n (%) No, n (%)
Age
 15–24 25 (18.9) 62 (21.4) 1  
 25–34 21 (15.9) 76 (26.2) 0.69 (0.35,1.34)  
 35–44 39 (29.5) 73 (25.2) 1.33 (0.72,2.43)  
 45–54 23 (17.4) 41 (14.1) 1.39 (0.70,2.77)  
  ≥ 55 24 (18.2) 38 (13.1) 1.57 (0.79,3.12)  
Occupation
 Farmer 72 (54.5) 109 (37.6) 2.74 (1.14,6.58) 3.38 (1.35, 8.49)
 House wife 12 (9.1) 42 (14.5) 1.18 (0.42,3.37) 1.37 (0.46, 4.08)
 Merchant 16 (12.1) 39 (13.4) 1.70 (0.62,4.67) 2.03 (0.70, 5.95)
 Civil servant 9 (6.8) 31 (10.7) 1.20 (0.40,3.65) 1.53 (0.48, 4.88)
 Daily labourer 16 (12.1) 40 (13.8) 1.66 (0.60,4.54) 1.86 (0.65, 5.34)
 Student 7 (5.3) 29 (10.0) 1 1
Knowledge
 Not knowledgeable 80 (60.6) 144 (49.7) 1.56 (1.33,1.84) 1.49 (1.142,2.262)
 Knowledgeable 52 (39.4) 146 (50.3) 1 1
Perceived stigma
 No 46 (34.8) 139 (47.9) 1  
 Yes 86 (65.2) 151 (52.1) 1.72 (1.12,2.63)  
Health facility visited first
 Private pharmacy/drug store 8 (6.1) 11 (3.8) 1.29 (0.49,3.40) 0.83 (0.29, 2.37)
 Private clinic 24 (18.2) 31 (10.7) 1.38 (0.74,2.56) 1.13 (0.58, 2.21)
 Public health post 1 (0.8) 7 (2.4) 0.25 (0.03,2.12) 0.17 (0.02, 1.47)
 Public health center 40 (30.3) 136 (46.9) 0.52 (0.33,0.84) 0.42 (0.25, 0.70)
 Public hospital 59 (44.7) 105 (36.2) 1 1
Sought treatment from traditional or religious healers before visiting health facilities
 Yes 83 (62.9) 139 (47.9) 1.84 (1.21,2.81) 1.71 (1.07, 2.73)
 No 49 (37.1) 151 (52.1) 1 1
Reason for not seeking treatment early from health facilities
 Thinking the disease is easy
  Yes 63 (47.7) 174 (60.0) 1  
  No 69 (52.3) 116 (40.0) 1.64 (1.09,2.49)  
 Financial problem
  Yes 31 (23.5) 32 (11.0) 2.48 (1.44,4.27) 2.26 (1.26, 4.06)
  No 101 (76.5) 258 (89.0) 1 1
 Go to traditional healer
  Yes 17 (12.9) 17 (5.9) 2.37 (1.17,4.81)  
  No 115 (87.1) 273 (94.1) 1  
Reason for first consultation/visit of health facilities/
 Severely ill with the diseases
  Yes 117 (88.6) 232 (80.0) 1.95 (1.06,3.59) 2.09 (1.10, 3.98)
  No 15 (11.4) 58 (20.0) 1 1