Skip to main content

Table 1 Baseline data of the HIV cohort and TB incidence rates

From: Epidemiology and outcome of HIV patients in Finland co-infected with tuberculosis 1998–2015

  HIV-Cohort n (%) TB events n (%) Person yearsa Incidence rate (95% CI) Incidence rate ratio
Total 1939 53 0.1708 310.3 (237.1–406.2)  
Sex
 Female 534 (27.5) 18 (34.0) 0.0471 382.3 (240.8–606.7) 1.35 (0.77–2.39)
 Male 1405 (72.5) 35 (66.0) 0.1237 282.9 (203.1–394.1) 1
Mode of transmission
 IDU 107 (6.4) 12 (24.0) 0.0671 407.5 (231.4–717.6) 3.15 (1.33–7.52)
 MSM 755 (45.1) 9 (18.0) 0.0697 129.1 (67.2–248.0) 1
 Heterosex 811 (48.5) 30 (60.0) 0.0294 446.9 (312.5–639.3) 3.46 (1.64–7.29)
Place of birth
 Finland 1320 (68.3) 25 (47.2) 0.1284 194.7 (131.5–288.1) 1
 Sub-Saharan Africa 249 (12.9) 12 (22.6) 0.0174 687.7 (390.6–1210.9) 3.53 (1.78–7.03)
 Other 363 (18.8) 15 (28.3) 0.0233 644.3 (388.4–1068.7) 3.31 (1.75–6.29)
Died during follow-up 226 16    
Age at HIV diagnosis, years, median (range) 33.9 (0–75) 35.4 (6–61)    
Age at start of follow-up, years, median (range) 35.9 (6–75) 35.7 (6–61)    
  1. aTime at risk in years per 100,000 persons
  2. Baseline data of all patients in the Helsinki HIV cohort between 1998 and 2015 compared to those in the cohort who developed TB co-infection during follow up. Incidence rates and rate ratios of different subgroups were calculeted with the Mentel-Haenszel method