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Table 3 Factors associated with intestinal parasitic infection among primary school children (n = 351) at Birbir town, Southern Ethiopia, 2018

From: Current status of intestinal parasitic infections and associated factors among primary school children in Birbir town, Southern Ethiopia

Variables Category Number examined Rate of parasite infection N (%) COR (95%CI) P-value AOR (95%CI) P-value
Age group (in years) 5–9 135 21(15.5) 1   1  
10–14 216 74(34.3) 2.785(1.617–4.796) 0.001 2.506(1.411–4.451) 0.002
Gender Male 180 47(26.1) 1.104(0.689–1.769) 0.680   
Female 171 48(28.1) 1    
Residence Urban 247 56(22.7) 1   1  
Rural 104 39(37.5) 2.046(1.246–3.362) 0.005 1.397(0.737–2.647) 0.305
Grade level 1–4 173 61(35.3) 1    
5–8 117 34(29.1) 0.861(0.525–1.441) 0.552
Educational level of care giver Unable to read and write 111 29(26.1) 1.191(0.579–2.449) 0.636   
Primary 186 50(26.9) 1.145(0.587–2.234) 0.691   
Secondary and above 54 16(29.6) 1
Family size ≤5 190 38(20.0) 1   1  
> 5 161 55(34.2) 2.065(1.279–3.333) 0.003 1.498(0.880–2.551) 0.137
Wash fruits and vegetables before consumption Yes 303 78(25.7) 1    
No 48 15(31.3) 1.267(0.654–2.455) 0.483   
Habit of swimming Yes 122 36(29.5) 0.829(0.508–1.352) 0.452   
No 229 57(24.9) 1
Habit of hand washing after toilet Yes 318 74(23.3) 1   1  
No 33 21(63.6) 5.77(2.711–12.282) 0.001 4.487(1.998–10.074) 0.001
Habit of hand washing after soil contact Yes 289 78(30.0) 1    
No 62 15(24.2) 1.158(0.613–2.189) 0.651   
Hand washing habit before meal Yes 344 89(25.9) 1   1  
No 7 4(57.1) 0.262(0.057–1.192) 0.083 4.366(0.789–14.176) 0.091
Habit of wearing shoe Yes 325 84(25.8) 1    
No 26 9(34.6) 0.658(0.283–1.533) 0.332   
Latrine availability Yes 334 86(25.7) 1   1  
No 17 7(41.2) 0.495(0.183–1.342) 0.167 1.108(0.291–4.223) 0.880
Source of drinking water Piped water 321 80(24.9) 1   1  
River/Lake 30 13(43.3) 0.434(0.202–0.933) 0.033 1.579(0.555–4.492) 0.392
Source of water for bathing Piped water 308 75(24.4) 1   1  
River/Lake 43 18(41.9) 0.447(0.231–0.864) 0.017 1.121(0.208–6.032) 0.894
Source of water for washing clothes and utensils Piped water 311 76(24.4) 1   1  
River /Lake 40 17(42.5) 0.438(0.222–0.862) 0.017 0.973(0.177–5.354) 0.975
BMI < 18.5 73 18(24.7) 1.129(0.623–2.046) 0.689   
≥18.5 278 75(27.0) 1
  1. AOR Adjusted Odd Ratio, CI Confidence Interval, COR Crude Odd Ratio