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Table 3 Factors associated with malaria-visceral leishmaniasis co-infection among migrant laborers in West Armachiho district, Northwest Ethiopia, 2016 (n = 178)

From: Malaria-visceral leishmaniasis co-infection and associated factors among migrant laborers in West Armachiho district, North West Ethiopia: community based cross-sectional study

Variables Category Malaria-Visceral leishmaniasis co-infection Chi-square P value
Yes (%) No (%)
Sex Male 5 (3.1) 158 (96.9) 0.89 0.34
Female 0 (0) 15 (100)   
Age group 15–29 4 (3) 128 (97) 0.48 0.92
30–44 1 (2.6) 37 (97.4)   
45–59 0 (0) 4 (100)   
> = 60 0 (0) 4 (100)   
Residence Resident 2 (2.8) 69 (97.2) 0.00 0.99
Migrant 3 (2.8) 104 (97.2)   
Educational level Unable to read & write 0 (0) 13 (100) 6.56 0.08
Read &write 2 (3.4) 56 (96.6)   
Elementary school 0 (0) 65 (100)   
High school & above 3 (7.1) 39 (92.9)   
Home area Highland 1 (1.4) 68 (98.6) 0.83 0.36
Lowland 4 (3.7) 105 (96.3)   
Use bed net Yes 1 (1.2) 84 (98.8) 1.71 0.19
No 4 (4.3) 89 (95.7)   
Usual sleeping accommodation Outdoor 4 (3.1) 125 (96.9) 0.15 0.69
Indoor 1 (2) 48 (98)   
Visit to the area First 0 (0) 42 (100) 7.74 0.10
Second 0 (0) 17 (100)   
Third 3 (11.1) 24 (88.9)   
Forth or more 2 (2.2) 90 (97.8)