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Table 3 Seroprevalence of anti-Chikungunya virus IgG antibodies within certain Indonesian location as reported in published papers

From: Chikungunya virus infection in Indonesia: a systematic review and evolutionary analysis

Setting Year Region Sample tested Positive cases Diagnosis method Reference
Number %
Non-outbreak and febrile 2004–2005 Indonesia 198 87 43.9 IgG [77]
1995–1996 Semarang 60 14 23.3 IgG [79]
1998–1999 Yogyakarta 57 24 42.1 IgG [54]
Non-outbreak and non-febrile 1998–1999 Yogyakarta 123 33 26.8 IgG [55]
2002 Bekasi 55 3 5.4 IgG [55]
2001 Bogor 99 13 13.1 IgG [55]
1972 Kalimantan 692 151 21.8 HI [50]
1972 Java 54 0 0.0 HI [51]
1972 Bali 107 2 1.9 HI [51]
1972 Lombok 140 6 4.3 HI [51]
1972 Kupang 121 15 12.4 HI [51]
1972 Sulawesi 298 55 18.4 HI [51]
1972 Ambon 321 37 11.5 HI [51]
1972 Kalimantan 199 28 14.1 PRNT [50]
1971 Sulawesi 125 24 19.2 PRNT [50]
1971 Ambon 64 2 3.1 PRNT [50]
1969–1970 Papua 243 45 18.5 PRNT [50]
Median (Non-outbreak) 1969–2005 Indonesia    14.1 (0.0–43.9)   Present study
Outbreak and febrile 2015 Bali 8 0 0.0 IgG [79]
2002–2003 North Sulawesi 222 18 8.1 IgG [56]
2002 Bekasi 93 68 73.1 IgG [56]
2001 Bogor 86 58 67.4 IgG [56]
1998–1999 Yogyakarta 61 43 70.4 IgG [55]
Outbreak and non-febrile 2002 Bekasi 145 65 44.8 IgG [56]
2001 Bogor 70 35 50.0 IgG [56]
1998–1999 Yogyakarta 76 34 44.5 IgG [55]
Median (Outbreak) 1998–2015 Indonesia    47.4 (0.0–73.1)   Present study
Median (Total) 1969–2015 Indonesia    18.5 (0.0–73.1)   Present study
  1. HI Haemagglutination inhibition assay, IgG Immunoglobulin G, PRNT Plaque reduction neutralization tests