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Table 2 Seroprevalence of anti-Chikungunya virus IgM antibodies within certain Indonesian location as reported in published papers

From: Chikungunya virus infection in Indonesia: a systematic review and evolutionary analysis

Setting Year Region Sample tested Positive cases Diagnosis method Reference
Number Percentage
Non-outbreak and febrile 2010 Jakarta, West Java, Bali 105 26 24.8 IgM ELISA [95]
2004–2005 Indonesia 198 7 3.5 IgM ELISA [77]
1998–1999 Yogyakarta 57 15 26.3 IgM ELISA [54]
Non-outbreak and non-febrile 2002 Bekasi 55 0 0.0 IgM ELISA [55]
2001 Bogor 99 9 9.1 IgM ELISA [55]
1998–1999 Yogyakarta 123 7 5.6 IgM ELISA [54]
Median (Non-outbreak) 1998–2010 Indonesia    7.3 (0.0–26.3) IgM ELISA Present study
Outbreak and febrile 2015–2016 Bali 15 2 13.3 IgM ELISA [78]
2002 Bekasi 93 40 43.0 IgM ELISA [55]
2001 Bogor 86 52 60.4 IgM ELISA [55]
1998–1999 Yogyakarta 61 2 3.2 IgM ELISA [54]
Outbreak and non-febrile 2002 Bekasi 124 13 10.4 IgM ELISA [55]
2002 Bekasi 21 4 19.0 IgM ELISA [55]
2001 Bogor 45 8 17.7 IgM ELISA [55]
2001 Bogor 25 12 48.0 IgM ELISA [55]
1998–1999 Yogyakarta 76 3 3.9 IgM ELISA [54]
Median (Outbreak) 1998–2010 Indonesia    17.7 (3.2–60.4) IgM ELISA Present study
Median (Total) 1998–2010 Indonesia    13.3 (0.0–60.4) IgM ELISA Present study
  1. ELISA Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay