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Table 3 Comparison of characteristics of acute viral hepatitis cases by virus type at hepatitis sentinel surveillance infectious disease hospitals between 2001 and 2004 and 2014–2017, Egypt

From: Evidence of sustained reductions in the relative risk of acute hepatitis B and C virus infections, and the increasing burden of hepatitis a virus infection in Egypt: comparison of sentinel acute viral hepatitis surveillance results, 2001–17

Item HAV HBV HCV
2001–2004 2014–2017 RR 95% CI 2001–2004 2014–2017 RR 95% CI 2001–2004 2014–2017 RR 95% CI
n % n % n % n % n % n %
Viral cause 1684 40.2 8362 89.7 ↑2.3 2.3–2.4 1256 30.0 238 2.8 ↓0.1 0.1–0.11 1249 29.8 252 3.0 ↓0.1 0.1–0.12
Male gender 1057 62.8 4540 58.2 0.9 0.89–1.0 883 70.3 183 76.9 ↑1.2 1.1–1.3 847 67.8 191 75.8 1.1 1.0–1.2
Age group (years)
 < 5 521 30.9 1936 24.8 ↓↑0.8 0.7–0.9 8 0.6 2 0.8 1.3 0.3–6.2 3 0.2 4 1.6 6.6 1.5–29.3
 5–19 1047 62.2 5329 68.3 1.1 1.1–1.14 232 18.5 13 5.5 ↓0.3 0.2–0.5 48 3.8 14 5.6 1.6 0.8–3.0
 20–44 97 5.8 522 6.7 1.2 0.9–1.4 796 63.4 182 76.5 1.2 1.0–1.3 582 46.6 112 44.4 1.0 0.8–1. 2
 45–64 15 0.9 14 0.2 0.2 0.1–0.4 168 13.4 36 15.1 1.1 0.8–1.6 508 40.7 79 31.3 ↑0.9 0.7–1.0
 ≥65 4 0.2 5 0.1 0.3 0.1–1.0 52 4.1 5 2.1 0.5 0.2–1.3 108 8.6 43 17.1 1.9 1.2–2.9
Region
 Urban 905 53.7 6195 79.4 ↑1.4 1.3–1.4 956 76.1 207 87.0 ↑1.1 1.1–1.2 1095 87.7 206 81.7 0.9 0.8–1.0
 Rural 779 46.3 1611 20.6 ↓0.4 0.4–0.5 300 23.9 25 10.5 ↓0.5 0.2–0.6 154 12.3 46 18.3 ↑1.5 1.1–2.0
Risk factors
 Received injection 278 16 .5 1939 24.8 ↑1.5 1.3–1.7 352 28.0 72 30.3 1.1 0.9–1.3 443 35.5 90 35.7 1.0 0.8–1.2
 Surgery 42 2.5 110 1.4 ↓0.6 0.4–0.8 132 10.5 10 4.2 ↓0. 4 0.2–0.7 183 14.7 13 5.2 ↓0.4 0.2–0.6
 Dental procedure 97 5.8 492 6.3 1.1 0.9–1.4 151 12.0 17 7.1 0.6 0.4–1.0 158 12.7 23 9.1 0.7 0.5–1.1
 Blood transfusion 12 0.7 7 0.1 ↓0.1 0.1–0.3 51 4.1 2 0.8 ↓0.2 0.1–0.8 100 8.0 5 2.0 ↓0.2 0.1–0.6
 IV drug use 23 1.4 6 0.1 0.1 0.02–0.1 135 10.7 35 14.7 1.4 1.0–1.9 91 7.3 19 7.5 1.0 0.6–1.7
 Household contact 111 6.6 888 11.4 ↑1.7 1.4–2.1 61 4.9 6 2.5 0.5 0.2–1.2 36 2.9 6 2.4 0.8 0.4–1.9
 Case fatality ratio 3 0.2 9 0.1 0.6 0.2–2.4 5 0.4 3 1.3 ↑15.8 4.3–58.1 3 0.2 6 2.4 ↑9.9 2.5–39.4