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Table 1 Acute viral hepatitis cases by type of viral hepatitis and year, Egypt, January 2014–June 2017

From: Evidence of sustained reductions in the relative risk of acute hepatitis B and C virus infections, and the increasing burden of hepatitis a virus infection in Egypt: comparison of sentinel acute viral hepatitis surveillance results, 2001–17

  Total
2014–2017
2014 2015 2016 2017 Change between 2014 and 2017
RR 95% CI
No. of suspected AVH cases 9321 3069 2472 2859 921 NA NA
No. of confirmed cases
(% from suspected)
8362 (89.7%) 2714 (88.4%) 2210 (89.4%) 2586 (90.5%) 852 (92.5%) 1.6 1.2–2.1
Type of Hepatitis No. % No. % No. % No. % No. %   
HAV 7806 93.4 2505 92.3 2049 92.7 2434 94.1 818 96.0 1.8 1.4–2.2
HCV 252 3.0 106 3.9 73 3.3 60 2.3 13 1.5 0.4 0.2–0.7
HBV 238 2.8 85 3.2 70 3.2 67 2.6 16 1.9 0.6 0.4–1.1
* HDV co-infection 8 3.4 5 2.1 2 0.8 1 0.4 0 0.0 NA NA
HAV and HBV mixed infection 35 0.4 12 0.4 11 0.5 12 0.5 0 0.0 NA NA
HEV 31 0.4 6 0.2 7 0.3 13 0.5 5 0.6 2.8 0.8–9.1
  1. HAV hepatitis A virus, HBV hepatitis B virus, HCV hepatitis C virus, HDV hepatitis D virus, HEV hepatitis E virus
  2. *Cases of HDV coinfection are included in the frequency of HBV cases. Percent of HDV coinfection is calculated out of HBV cases (n = 238)