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Table 1 Demographic and Clinical Characteristics of Participants at Baseline (N = 98)

From: Cognitive screening in treatment-naïve HIV-infected individuals in Hong Kong – a single center study

Male, n (%) 92 (94)
Female, n (%) 6 (6)
Age, year 31 (26–43)
Tertiary education, n (%) 49 (50)
Current Smoker, n (%) 31 (32)
Current or ex-drinker, n (%) 22 (22)
History of substance Use, n (%) 41 (42)
Prior psychiatric illness, n (%) 14 (14)
Route of transmission, n (%)
 MSM 75 (77)
 Other 23 (23)
HIV-1 subtype, n (%)
 CRF01_AE 41 (42)
 B 36 (37)
 Other 21 (21)
AIDSa, n (%) 18 (18)
Blood CD4+ T-cells nadirb (cells/μL) 270 (106–376)
Blood HIV-1 RNA, log10 copies/ml 5.07 (4.68–5.47)
Hepatitis B virus co-infection, n (%) 6 (6)
Hepatitis C virus co-infection, n (%) 7 (7)
Syphilis co-infection, n (%) 40 (41)
Recent in-patient care, n (%) 37 (38)
IHDS ≤10, n (%) 38 (39)
MoCA ≤25, n (%) 25 (26)
MoCA ≤21, n (%) 8 (8)
MoCA score 27 (25–28)
Moderate Depression (PHQ-9 > 9)b, n (%) 23 (24)
  1. Median (IQR) is presented unless specified otherwise
  2. aDefined by the presence of AIDS-defining illness regardless of CD4+ T-lymphocyte levels
  3. bn = 96
  4. Abbreviations: IHDS International HIV Dementia Scale, MoCA Montreal Cognitive Assessment, PHQ-9 Patient Health Questionnare-9, MSM men who have sex with men