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Table 3 Comparison of Clinical Outcomes of S. aureus bacteremia by qSOFA score

From: Utility of qSOFA score in identifying patients at risk for poor outcome in Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia

Clinical Outcomes High qSOFA n = 90 (%) Low qSOFA n = 312 (%) p value
ICU admission 58 (64) 67 (21) < 0.0001
ICU admission within 48 h of first positive culture 51 (57) 50 (16) < 0.0001
Need for vasopressors 31 (35) 17 (6) < 0.0001
Duration of ICU stay, daysa 5 (2, 12.3) 3 (1, 7) 0.01
Duration of ICU stay > 72 h 43 (48) 38 (12) < 0.0001
Day 4 Success 45 (50) 228 (73) < 0.0001
 Died 2 (4) 2 (1) 0.07
Day 4 Failure 44 (49) 83 (27) < 0.0001
 Died 15 (34) 7 (8) 0.0003
Microbial Persistence on day 4 31 (34) 62 (20) 0.0039
 Died 10 (32) 3 (5) 0.0007
Initial GCS < 15 54/89 (61) 31/306 (10) < 0.0001
 Died 13 (24) 2 (6) 0.04
Initial SBP ≤ 100 mmHg 57/84 (68) 52/297 (18) < 0.0001
 Died 12 (21) 3 (6%) 0.026
Initial RR ≥ 22 breaths per minute 72/85 (85) 71/298 (24) < 0.0001
 Died 14 (19) 4 (6) 0.021
30-day mortality 17 (19) 9 (3) < 0.0001
Total Hospital LOS, days a 16 (8, 32) 10 (6, 19) < 0.0001
LOS after first positive culture, days a 14 (7.8, 23) 9 (6.25, 17) 0.001
Disposition of survivors N = 73 N = 303 0.92
 Home 48 (66) 198 (65)  
 Skilled nursing facility 12 (16) 47 (16)  
 Outside Hospital 4 (5) 23 (8)  
 Rehab center 7 (10) 23 (8)  
 Homeless/jail 2 (3) 12 (4)  
  1. ICU intensive care unit, LOS length of stay, GCS glasgow coma scale score, SBP systolic blood pressure, RR respiratory rate; a median (IQR)