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Table 1 Family and Household characteristics compared between severely acutely malnourished (SAM) and well-nourished study population (n = 620)

From: A comparative cross-sectional study of prevalence and intensity of soil-transmitted helminthic infection between healthy and severe acutely malnourished pre-school aged children in Kano, Northern Nigeria

Variable Malnourished children (%) n = 310 Well-nourished children (%) n = 310 P-value Total (%) n = 620
Family characteristics
Paternal educational status
 Not formally educated 151 (48.7) 93 (30.0) < 0.0001* 244 (39.4)
 Formally educated 159 (51.3) 217 (70.0)   376 (60.6)
Maternal educational status
 Not formally educated 211 (41.9) 130 (68.1) < 0.0001* 341 (55.0)
 Formally educated 180 (58.1) 99 (31.9)   279 (45.0)
Maternal employment status
 Unemployed 90 (29.0) 105 (33.9) 0.19 195 (31.5)
 employed 220 (71.0) 205 (66.1)   425 (68.5)
Family type#
 monogamous 111 (35.8) 148 (48.2) 0.002* 259 (42.0)
 polygamous 199 (64.2) 159 (51.8)   358 (58.0)
Social class
 I 0 (0.0) 2 (0.7) < 0.0001* 2 (0.3)
 II 10 (3.2) 27 (8.7)   37 (6.0)
 III 18 (5.8) 77 (24.8)   95 (15.3)
 IV 140 (45.2) 129 (41.6)   269 (43.4)
 V 142 (45.8) 75 (24.2)   217 (35.0)
Household characteristics Median (IQR) Median (IQR) P-value Range
 Persons per household 7 (6) 9 (6) 0.02 3 33
 Children per household 5 (5) 6 (5) 0.25 1 28
 Weekly family expenditure on household perishable foods per person b (Nigerian Naira, n = 306) ** 214.8 (268.9) 291.7 (350) 0.0002* 15.42333.3
  1. *-Statistically significant at P < 0.05, χ2 Chi-square, FE Fischer’s exact test