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Table 3 Adjusted odds ratio for monthly income and education with H. pylori infection among symptomatic patients attending at Jasmin internal medicine and pediatrics specialized clinic, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2018 (n = 487)

From: Magnitude of Helicobacter pylori and associated risk factors among symptomatic patients attending at Jasmin internal medicine and pediatrics specialized private clinic in Addis Ababa city, Ethiopia

Variables Stool antigen  
Total Positive n (%) Negative n (%) AOR CI 95% P-value
Income level 1000-1500 EB 21 13(61.9) 8(38.1) 4.316 1.093–17.038 0.037
2000-2500 EB 25 17(68.0) 8(32.0) 6.056 1.603–22.881 0.008
3000–3500 EB 414 144(34.8) 270(65.2) 2.222 0.823–5.997 0.115
> 4000 EB 27 5(18.5) 22(81.5) 1   
Education level Primary 13 10(76.9) 3(23.1) 4.150 1.059–16.270 0.041
High school 32 20(62.5) 12(37.5) 2.280 1.025–5.067 0.043
University 442 149(33.7) 293(66.3) 1   
  1. AOR Adjusted odds ratio, CI Confidence interval, EB Ethiopian birr (1USD = 27.823 EB)