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Table 4 Bivariate and multivariable analysis of factors associated with C. trachomatis infection among FCSWs in Hawassa City, Southern Ethiopia, 2017

From: Prevalence and associated factors of Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae among female commercial sex workers in Hawassa City, Southern Ethiopia

Socio-demographic variables Categories Chlamydia trachomatis
No. tested (%) No. positive (%) COR (95% CI) AOR(95%CI) P-Value
Years in sex work <  5 yrs 287 (84.9) 19 (6.6) 1   
>  5 yrs. 51 (15.1) 4 (7.8) 1.20 (0.39–3.69)
Place of work Home 16 (4.8) 2 (12.5) 2.18 (0.44–10.98)
Street 159 (47.0) 11 (6.9) 1.14 (0.47–2.76))
Hotel / bar 163 (48.2) 10 (6.1) 1   
Age at first sex <  15 yrs 109 (32.2) 6 (5.5) 1   
> 15 yrs 229 (67.8) 17 (7.4) 1.37 (0.53–3.60)
Age at starting sex work <  15 yrs 16 (4.7) 1 (6.3) 0.73 (0.29–1.72)
15–19 yrs 214 (63.3) 13 (6.1) 1   
> 20 yrs 108 (32.0) 9 (8.3) 0.71 (0.09–6.21)
No of customers/ week <  7 clients 267 (79.0) 17 (6.4) 1   
> 7 clients 71 (21.0) 6 (8.5) 1.35 (0.52–3.58)
Consistent condom use Yes 305 (90.2) 16 (5.2) 1 1  
No 33 (9.8) 7 (21.2) 4.86 (1.86–12.89)* 4.03 (1.06–15.31) 0.040*
Having regular sexual partner Yes 201 (59.5) 14 (7.0) 1.07 (0.45–2.53)
No 137 (40.5) 9 (6.6) 1   
Consistent condom use with regular partner Yes 187 (93.0) 11 (5.9) 1 1  
No 14 (7.0) 3 (21.4) 4.36 (1.06–17.95)* 4.01 (0.88–18.35) 0.073
Not using condom for better payment Yes 19(5.6) 2 (10.5) 1.67 (0.36–7.71)
No 319(94.4) 21 (6.6) 1   
Using contraceptives Yes 231 (68.3) 15 (6.5) 1   
No 107(31.7) 8 (7.5) 1.16 (0.48–2.84)
Drinking alcohol before sex Yes 276(81.7) 20 (7.2) 1.54 (0.44–5.34)
No 62(18.3) 3 (4.8) 1   
Self-reported history of STIs Yes 132 (39.1) 12 (9.1) 1.77 (0.76–4.14)* 1.25 (0.39–3.89) 0.706
No 206 (60.9) 11 (5.3) 1 1  
  1. NB: *Candidate variable for multivariate analysis at P < 0.25 *variable significant at P < 0.05
  2. COR crude odds ratio, AOR adjusted odds ratio, CI confidence interval, P-V p -value, 1 reference, STIs sexual transmitted infections, yrs. years, No total number