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Table 3 Bivariate and multivariable analysis of factors associated with N. gonorrhoeae infection among FCSWs in Hawassa City, Southern Ethiopia, 2017

From: Prevalence and associated factors of Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae among female commercial sex workers in Hawassa City, Southern Ethiopia

Socio-demographic variables Categories Neisseria gonorrhea
No. tested (%) No. positive (%) COR (95% CI) AOR(95%CI) P-Value
Years in sex work <  5 yrs 287 (84.9) 8 (2.8) 1   
>  5 yrs. 51 (15.1) 3 (5.9) 2.28 (0.56–8.51)
Place of work Home 16 (4.8) 1 (6.3) 2.65 (0.28–25.25)
Street 159 (47.0) 6 (3.8) 1.55 (0.43–5.63)
Hotel / bar 163 (48.2) 4 (2.5) 1   
Age at first sex <  15 yrs 109 (32.2) 4 (3.7) 1.21 (0.35–4.23)
> 15 yrs 229 (67.8) 7 (3.1) 1   
Age at starting sex work <  15 yrs 16 (4.7) 1 (6.3) 0.49 (0.14–1.74)
15–19 yrs 214 (63.3) 5 (2.3) 1   
> 20 yrs 108 (32.0) 5 (4.6) 1.37 (0.15–12.57)
No of customers/ week <  7 clients 267 (79.0) 9 (3.4) 1.20 (0.25–5.70)
> 7 clients 71 (21.0) 2 (2.8) 1   
Consistent condom use Yes 305 (90.2) 6 (2.0) 1 1  
No 33 (9.8) 5 (15.2) 8.89 (2.56–31.00)* 6.31 (1.61–24.86) 0.008*
Having regular sexual partner Yes 201 (59.5) 6 (3.0) 1   
No 137 (40.5) 5 (3.6) 1.23 (0.37–4.12)
Consistent condom use with regular partner Yes 187 (93.0) 4 (2.1) 1 1  
No 14 (7.0) 1 (7.1) 3.52 (0.37–33.81)* 2.56 (0.39–17.46) 0.319
Not using condom for better payment Yes 19(5.6) 2 (10.5) 4.05 (0.81–20.23)
No 319(94.4) 9 (2.8) 1   
Using contraceptives Yes 231 (68.3) 6 (2.6) 1   
No 107(31.7) 5 (4.7) 1.84 (0.55–6.16)  
Drinking alcohol before sex Yes 276(81.7) 9 (3.3) 1.01 (0.21–4.80)
No 62(18.3) 2 (3.2) 1   
Self-reported history of STIs Yes 132 (39.1) 7 (5.3) 2.83 (0.81–9.86)* 2.83 (0.76–10.52) 0.122
No 206 (60.9) 4 (1.9) 1 1  
  1. NB: *Candidate variable for multivariate analysis at P < 0.25 *variable significant at P < 0.05
  2. COR crude odds ratio, AOR adjusted odds ratio, CI confidence interval, P-V p -value, 1 reference, STIs sexual transmitted infections, yrs. years, No total number