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Table 1 Socio demographic and clinical characteristics of the study participants (N = 68,378)

From: Effect of isoniazid preventive therapy on tuberculosis incidence and associated risk factors among HIV infected adults in Tanzania: a retrospective cohort study

  Total Ever received
IPT
(n = 6454)
Never received IPT
(n = 61,924)
χ2-P-value*
Characteristic n (%) n (%)  
Median Age in years (IQR) 35.0 (29.3–41.8) 36.8 (31.5–45.5) 34.7 (29–41.6) 0.001
Age category (years)     0.001
 15–25 7500 (11.0) 362 (5.6) 7138 (11.5)  
 26–35 26,648 (39.0) 2250 (34.9) 24,398 (39.4)  
 36–45 22,208 (32.5) 2468 (38.2) 19,740 (31.9)  
 45+ 12,022 (17.6) 1374 (21.3) 10,648 (17.2)  
Sex     0.086
 Males 16,892 (24.7) 1651 (25.6) 15,241 (24.6)  
 Females 51,486 (75.3) 4803 (74.4) 46,683 (75.4)  
Marital status     0.001
 Single 19,249 (28.1) 1749 (27.1) 17,500 (28.3)  
 Married/co-habiting 33,224 (48.6) 3094 (47.9) 30,130 (48.7)  
 Widowed/divorced 8823 (12.9) 991 (15.4) 7832 (12.6)  
BMI categories (Kg/m2)     0.001
 Underweight (< 18.5) 8054 (11.8) 815 (12.6) 7239 (11.7)  
 Normal (18.5–24.5) 27,704 (40.5) 2984 (46.2) 24,720 (39.9)  
 Overweight (25–29.9) 10,923 (16.0) 1136 (17.6) 9787 (15.8)  
 Obese (≥30) 5446 (8.0) 547 (8.5) 4899 (7.9)  
Mean BMI (SD) 23.3 (5.2) 23.2 (5.0) 23.2 (5.2) 0.534
CD4+ categories (cells/μl)     0.001
  < 200 12,891 (18.9) 1438 (22.3) 11,453 (18.5)  
 200–350 9918 (14.5) 1317 (20.4) 8601 (13.9)  
  > 350 14,585 (21.3) 1590 (24.6) 12,995 (21.0)  
Median CD4+ cell count (IQR) 252 (118–491) 245 (119–390) 253 (119–417) 0.064
WHO staging for HIV/AIDS     0.001
 I 22,530 (32.9) 1411 (21.9) 20,664 (36.1)  
 II 13,881 (20.3) 1587 (24.6) 11,652 (20.3)  
 III 25,894 (37.9) 2952 (45.7) 19,957 (34.9)  
 IV 4485 (6.6) 308 (4.8) 3666 (6.4)  
Cotrimoxazole use     0.001
 Yes 63,041 (92.2) 6389 (99.0) 56,652 (91.5)  
 No 5337 (7.8) 65 (1.0) 5272 (8.5)  
ART use     0.001
 Yes 56,245 (82.3) 6214 (96.3) 50,031 (80.8)  
 No 12,133 (17.7) 240 (3.7) 11,893 (19.2)  
Functional status at enrolment     0.001
 Ambulatory 1449 (2.1) 58 (0.9) 1391 (2.2)  
 Bedridden 381 (0.6) 35 (0.5) 346 (0.6)  
 Working 66,070 (96.6) 6324 (98.0) 59,746 (96.5)  
Health facility type     0.001
 Dispensary 25,858 (37.8) 165 (2.6) 25,693 (41.5)  
 Health center 18,961 (27.7) 1836 (28.4) 17,125 (27.7)  
 Hospital 21,407 (31.3) 4435 (68.7) 16,972 (27.4)  
Health facility ownership     
 Government (Public) 60,596 (88.6) 6338 (98.2) 54,258 (87.6) 0.001
 Private/FBO 6590 (9.7) 108 (1.7) 6482 (10.5)  
  1. Some variables had missing records *Chi-squared P-value