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Table 5 Associations between socio-demographic variables and knowledge of respondents on TB in univariate and multivariate analyses

From: Knowledge, attitude and associated factors towards tuberculosis in Lesotho: a population based study

Variable Univariate Multivariate
OR 95% CI P-Value AOR 95% CI P-Value
Sex (Ref = Male)
 Female 2.67 2.42–2.94 < 0.001 2.45 2.10–2.86 < 0.001
Age (Ref = 15–24)
 25–34 1.27 1.14–1.41. < 0.001 1.08 0.89–1.31 0.423
 35–44 1.51 1.34–1.71. < 0.001 1.40 1.13–1.75 0.003
 45–49 1.80 1.50–2.17 < 0.001 1.76 1.29–2.41 < 0.001
Place of Residence (Ref = Rural)
 Urban 0.60 0.54–0.66 < 0.001 0.97 0.82–1.16 0.770
Highest Education level (Ref = No Education)
 Primary 2.17 1.68–2.81 < 0.001 1.58 1.07–2.32 0.021
 Secondary 4.48 3.46–5.80 < 0.001 3.46 2.31–5.19 < 0.001
 Higher 11.10 8.01–15.37 < 0.001 6.26 3.90–10.06 < 0.001
Religion (Ref = No religion)
 Christian 2.25 1.73–2.92 < 0.001 0.84 0.57–1.24 0.390
 Islam 2.55 0.92–7.02 0.070 0.45 0.12–1.75 0.250
 Other 1.88 1.15–3.06 0.011 0.92 0.44–1.95 0.837
Marital Status (Ref = Never in Union)
 Currently in union/living with a man 1.37 1.25–1.50 < 0.001 1.23 1.02–1.47 0.027
 Formerly in union/living with a man 1.70 1.46–1.99 < 0.001 1.42 1.10–1.85 0.008
Wealth Index (Ref = Poorest)
 Middle 1.62 1.43–1.82 < 0.001 1.20 0.97–1.48 0.090
 Rich 2.22 2.01–2.45 < 0.001 1.22 0.99–1.50 0.068
Mass Media (Ref = No)
 Yes 2.00 1.80–2.22 < 0.001 1.33 1.08–1.64 0.008
Occupation (Ref = Agricultural)
 Non Agricultural 2.59 2.22–3.02 < 0.001 1.20 1.00–1.44 0.049
  1. OR odds ratio, AOR adjusted odds ratio, CI confidence interval