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Table 2 Univariate analysis of gastrointestinal symptoms associated with H. pylori seropositivity

From: Helicobacter pylori infection among patients presenting with dyspepsia at a primary care setting in Cameroon: seroprevalence, five-year trend and predictors

Variable Frequency (%) H. pylori positive (%) Odds ratio (95% CI) P value
Nausea (N = 451)
 Absent 422 (93.6) 213 (50.5) Ref  
 Present 29 (6.4) 19 (65.5) 1.86 (0.85–4.10) 0.122
Vomiting (N = 451)
 Absent 386 (85.6) 199 (51.6) Ref  
 Present 65 (14.4) 33 (50.8) 0.96 (0.57–1.64) 0.907
Belching (N = 451)
 Absent 379 (84.00) 189 (49.9) Ref  
 Present 72 (16.0) 43 (59.7) 1.49 (0.89–2.49) 0.127
Heartburn (N = 451)
 Absent 404 (89.6) 202 (50.0) Ref  
 Present 47 (10.40) 30 (63.8) 1.77 (0.94–3.30) 0.075
Acid regurgitation (N = 451)
 Absent 444 (98.9) 230 (51.6) Ref  
 Present 5 (1.10) 2 (40.0) 0.63 (0.10–3.78) 0.610
Postprandial fullness/early satiety (N = 451)
 Absent 447 (99.1) 230 (51.5) Ref  
 Present 4 (0.90) 2 (50.0) 0.94 (0.13–6.76) 0.954
  1. Ref = reference category, CI = confidence interval